Bibliography on Bhopal disaster


Note: The following is a condensed list of books, reports, and articles on the Bhopal disaster and related issues. This edition of the bibliography has been prepared by John O’Connell. If you have difficulty obtaining any of these documents, please contact David Dembo or Lucinda Wykle at the above address.



Court Documents 12





Books and Reports 20


Reports 23

















“Protesters March in Bhopal,” Wall Street Journal, February 15, 1991.

“SC Directive on Carbide Case,” Times of India, Jan. 23, 1991.

“Disclose Gas Compensation Claimed: SC,” Times of India, December 15, 1990.

“Court Pulls up M-P in UCC Case,” The Hindustan Times, December 12,1990.

“Gaps in Gas Victims’ Aid Alleged,” Times of India, December 8, 1990.

“SC order Violation of Basic Rights,” Times of India, December 8, 1990.

“Death Toll Rises to 3,828: Counsel,” Times of India, December 6, 1990.

Barr, Cameron, “Fighting For Victims Rights,” The Christian Science
Monitor, December 5, 1990.

“The Bhopal Agenda,” Times of India, December 3, 1990.

“An Epic Battle Which Must be Fought,” Times of India, December 2, 1990.

“Coping with Catastrophe: Have We Learnt Any Lessons From Bhopal?,” Times of India, December 2, 1990.

“Criminal Tendencies Growing,” Statesman, Dec. 2, 1990.

“The Lessons We Have Not Learnt,” Times of India, December 2. 1990.

“Carbide Holds Key To Compensation,” The Hindustan Times, Dec. 1, 1990.

“Doubts Raised over Victims’ Categorization,” Times of India, November 30, 1990.

“Is The Agreement Valid,” The Economic Times, November 25, 1990.

“$3.3 Billion Became $470 Million,” The Economic Times, November 25, 1990.

Bergman, David, “Bhopal Polluters Accused Of Hypocrisy,” New Scientist, November 24, 1990.

“No Change In Govt Stand: Sorbjee,” Times of India, November 23, 1990.

“Settlement Halted Probe Into Bhopal Plant Safety,” The Hindustan, November 22, 1990.

“India Seeks New Bhopal Settlement,” International Herald Tribune, November 21, 1990.

“SC Urged To Clarify Status Of Hearing,” Times of India, November 14, 1990.

“Judgement In Carbide Case Reserved,” Statesman, August 8, 1990.

Jackson, Derrick, “Speaking Of Corporate Insensitivity,” Boston Globe, August 19, 1990.

“CBI Probe Wasn’t Completed,” The Statesman, August 3, 1990.

“SC Seeks Details From UCC,” Times of India, August 4, 1990.

“Bhopal Case Review Unfair: Carbide,” Times of India, August 1, 1990.

“A-G Decries Bhopal Settlement Report,” Times of India, July 26, 1990.

“Bhopal Settlement Scuttled Probe,” Times of India, July 26, 1990.

“US Activists Welcome Review of Bhopal Settlement,” The Telegraph, July 23, 1990.

Jenkins, Rob, “Bhopal: Five Years After,” In These Times, July 18-31, 1990.

“Bhopal Gas Victims Rally for Relief,” The Hindustan Times, June 30, 1990.

“Govt Insists Carbide Pay For Injured,” The Telegraph, June 23, 1990.

Lepkowski, Wil, “India Pushed To Overturn Bhopal Settlement,” Chemical and Engineering News, June 4, 1990.

“Wrong On Bhopal,” Guardian, February 21, 1990.

“Bhopal Pact Won’t Increase,” New York Times, April 26, 1990.

“More Bad News for Bhopal,” Wall Street Journal, April 26, 1990.

“No Go Bhopal,” Daily News, April 26, 1996.

“Carbide Review is Delayed,” New York Times, April 11, 1990.

Flynn, Laurie, “Carbide’s Settlement Blocked,” Observer, April 8, 1990.

“Reviewing the Bhopal Settlement,” Wall Street Journal, April 6, 1990.

“Court Clears Aid for Bhopal Victims,” New York Times, March 14, 1990.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “India Sets Plan to Distribute $220 Million to Gas Victims,” New York Times, March 6, 1990.

Dembo, David, “Wrong on Bhopal,” Guardian, Feb. 21, 1990.

Campbell, Joseph, W. “Fallout from Bhopal Case Still Plagues Union Carbide,” The Hartford Courant, Feb. 11, 1990.

Goswami, Dinesh, “Justice for All,” The Illustrated Weekly of India, Feb. 4, 1990.

“India to Reopen Bhopal Case,” Working Group on Community Right-to-Know, Feb. 1990.

“Bhopal Victims Still Wait For Carbide Money,” New York Times, January 30, 1990.

Koenig, Richard and Stephen J. Adler, “Experts Doubt India’s Ability to Push Carbide,” Wall Street Journal, Jan. 23, 1990.

Lepkowsksi, Wil, “Bhopal Settlement: India Challenges Its Supreme Court,”‘ Chemical and Engineering News, Jan. 22, 1990.

“India Seeks to Reopen Bhopal Case,” New York Times, Jan. 22, 1990.

“Monthly Relief for Gas Victims,” Times of India, Jan. 21, 1990.

Jaising, Indira, “Bhopal Verdict Sets Tasks for New Delhi,” Times of India, Jan. 16, 1990.

“Carbide Defends Bhopal Settlement,” New York Times, Jan. 16, 1990.

“A Justified Reversal,” The Hindustan Times, Jan. 15, 1990.

Baxi, Upendra, “Govt. Move on Carbide Historic,” Times of India, Jan. 14, 1990.

“Carbide Questions Govt Action,” Patriot, Jan. 14, 1990.

“Carbide Questions NF’s Decision,” Tines of India, Jan. 14, 1990.

“Govt anti-Carbide Decision Hailed,” Patriot, Jan. 14, 1990.

“Interim Relief for Gas Victims Hailed,” The Hindustan Times, Jan. 14, 1990.

“Pay-offs By Union Carbide Feared,” The Statesman, Jan. 14, 1990.

“UCC Settlement Probe Urged,” The Hindustan Times, Jan. 14, 1990.

“Centre to Back Review Pleas in Bhopal case,” The Hindu, Jan. 13, 1990.

“Centre to Oppose Carbide Deal,” Times of India, Jan. 13, 1990.

“Govt. To Oppose Carbide Settlement,” The Telegraph, Jan. 13, 1990.

“Indian Shift on Bhopal Case,” New York Times, January 13, 1990.

“Interim Relief for Bhopal Victims,” Patriot, Jan. 13, 1990.

“One-Time Relief to Bhopal Gas Victims: NF Govt. Backs Petitioners,” The Hindustan Times, Jan. 13, 1990.

“India’s Justices Uphold $465 Million Bhopal Settlement,” Wall Street Journal, January 2, 1990.

Dhavan, Rajeev, “Bhopal Judgement: Test of Credibility,” The Hindustan Times, Jan. 1, 1990.

Baxi, Upendra, “Bhopal Verdict: Great Wrong and Little Right,” Times of India, Dec. 25, 1989.

“SC Clears Decks for Individual Claims,” Times of India, Dec. 25, 1989.

Alvares, Claude, “In the Shadow of Despair,” The Illustrated Weekly of India, Dec. 24, 1989.

Bhatnagar, Rakesh, “Judges Divided on Bhopal Act,” Times of India, Dec. 24, 1989.

Crossette, Barbara, “India’s Supreme Court Backs Carbide’s Bhopal
Settlement,” New York Times, Dec. 23, 1989.

“Carbide Settlement Upheld,” Times of India, Dec. 23, 1989.

“SC Upholds Bhopal Settlement,’ Times of India, Dec. 23, 1989.

“The Great Bhopal Robbery,” India Week, Dec 22-28, 1989.

“What Will VP Do For Bhopal Victims?” Patriot, Dec. 8, 1989.

“International Tribunal for Bhopal Victims,” Indian Express, Dec. 7, 1989.

Baxi, Upendra, “Bhopal Victims,” Indian Express, Dec. 6, 1989.

“Bhopal Observes 5th Anniversary of Gas Tragedy,” Times of India, Dec. 4, 1989.

“Gas Compensation A Mirage,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Dec. 4, 1989.

“Gas Victims Assert Their Rights,” The Telegraph, Dec. 4, 1989.

“Legal Wranglings Delaying Compensations,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Dec. 4, 1989.

“Much More Remains to be Done for Bhopal Gas Victims,” Patriot, Dec. 4, 1989.

“Victims Tired of Hollow Promises,” The Telegraph, Dec. 4, 1989.

“800 Gas Victims Court Arrest,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Dec. 4, 1989.

“Rallies, Arrests Mark Gas Tragedy Day,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Dec. 3, 1989.

Chouksey, Ram Mohan, “Hope Only Source of Survival,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Dec. 3, 1989.

Majupuria, Sanjeev, “Penance Still Scores Over Solution,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Dec. 3, 1989.

Singh, Alok Pratap, “Foreign Bodies Active in City,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Dec. 3, 1989.

“Bhopal: Five Years on and What Has Happened?” The Sunday_Correspondent, Dec. 3, 1989.

“Bhopal Gas Victims’ Long, Long Wait,” The Hindustan Times, Dec. 3, 1989.

“Effigies of Carbide Burnt,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Dec. 3, 1989.

“We Remember the Holocaust of Dec. 3,” Madhya_Pradesh Chronicle, Dec. 3, 1989.

Brown, Derek, “Bhopal Victims ‘Failed by Government’,” The Guardian, Dec. 2, 1989.

“Gas Tragedy Anniversary: Call for Bhopal Bandh on Sunday,” Madhya Pradesh
Chronicle, Dec.1, 1989. I

“Massive Arrangements for Employment to Gas-Victims,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Nov. 30, 1989.

Jayaprakash, N.D., “Callous Indeed,” Patriot, Nov. 26, 1-989.

“Gas Victims Assert Their Rights,” Sunday Observer, Nov. 26, 1989.

Waterman, Ruth, “Bhopal: Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Cares,” Economic and Political Weekly, Nov. 25, 1989.

“Rectification Regarding Medical Documentation Pleaded,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Nov. 13, 1989.

“New Lawsuit Filed in Bhopal Disaster,” Boston Globe, Oct. 5, 1989.

Dakin, Susanna and Joanne Doroshow, “A Case for California Justice,” Los Angeles Times, Sept. 30, 1989.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Bhopal Settlement Still On Hold,” Chemical and Engineering News, Sept. 18, 1989.

“Centre Misleading Gas Victims,” Patriot, August 26, 1989.

“Dharna by Bhopal Gas Victims,” The Statesman, August 26, 1989.

“SC Directive to Pay Bhopal Gas Victims,” The Hindustan Times, August 26, 1989.

“Bhopal’s Fighting Mothers,” Patriot Magazine, August 20, 1989.

“Agitation Turns Violent 1000 Court Arrest,” Danik Bhaslrar, August 10, 1989.

“Indians Protest in Bhopal,” New York Times, August 10, 1989.

Fuller, Thomas, “Bhopal Plan Slashed,” Times of India, August 5, 1989.

Smith,III, J. Andy, “Justice for the Victims of Bhopal,” The Egg, A Journal of Eco-justice, Summer 1989.

“Cuts in State Plan for Bhopal Victims,” Times of India, July 31, 1989.

“All Cases Shifted to SC,” Times of India, July 22, 1989.

“No Income Tax on Victims’ Money,” Times of India, July 18, 1989.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Bhopal Litigation: Indian Court To Review Settlement,” Chemical and Engineering_News, July 10, 1989.

“Gas Victims Reach City on Foot,” The Patriot, July 6, 1989.

Belli, Melvin, M. “Tragic Settlement,” Times of India, July 3, 2.989.

Dembo, David, “Bhopal Settlement or Sellout?,” Global Pesticide Monitor, Vol. I. Summer 1989.

“Why Are You Letting Union Carbide Get Away With Murder?,” Danik Bhaskar, June 27, 1989.

“Gas-Hit Women Demonstrate,” Free Press Journal, June 25, 1989.

Adler, Stephen, “New Litigation Is Imperiling Bhopal Disaster Settlement,” Wall Street Journal, June 22, 1989.

Dockster, Amy, “Pleas by Lawyers of Bhopal Victims Rebuffed by Judge,” Wall Street Journal, June 16, 1989.

Baxi, Upendra, “Brickbats and Bouquets for Chief Justice R.S. Pathak,” News India, June 9, 1989.

“Bhopal Disaster: Sit-In Against SC Judgement,” The Statesman, June 6, 1989.

“UCC Settlement Based on Facts: SC,” Indian Express, June 5, 1989.

“Gas Act Not ‘Clear’ On Compromise Procedure,” Hindustan Times, June 3, 1989.

“UCC Compensation Inadequate: UK MP,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, June 1, 1989.

“Union Carbide Still Unsettled,” Greenpeace, May/June 1989.

Mackerron, Conrad B., “Bhopal Deal Challenged,” Chemical Week, May 24, 1989.

“State Govt. Accused of Ignoring SC Order,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, June 24, 1989.

Wishart, Ronald S., “Carbide’s Crisis,” Letter to the Editor, New York Times, May 21, 1989.

“Relief a Dream for Gas Victims,” Times of India, May 19, 1989.

Balu, A. “Move to Reopen Carbide Case in U.S.,” Indian Express, May 18, 1989.

Dutt, Ela, “Pact May Not be Revoked: Carbide,” The Hindustan Times, May 18, 1989.

“Bhopal Victims Seek Criminal Proceedings Against UCC,” Patriot, May 18, 1989.

“Compensation Inadequate, Say Gas Victims,” Indian Express, May 18, 1989.

“Criminal Proceedings Against UCC Urged,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, May 18, 1989.

“Gas Victims Decry Carbide Settlement,” The Statesman, May 18, 1989.

Iyer, V.R. Krishna, “Bhopal Gas Tragedy,” The Hindu, May 5, 1989.

Dias, Clarence J., “Fighting for Justice – For Bhopal Victims, the Tragedy is Not Over,” India Currents, May 1989.

Khare, R.S. “The Bhopal Puzzle: A Failure of Modern Technology, Law and values,” international Social Sciences Journal, May 1989.

“Carbide Pact Subversive of Law,” The Hindustan Times, April 28, 1989.

Petty, John Ira, “Carbide Closes Books on Bhopal,” The Houston Post, April 27, 1989.

“Argument of Delay in Court Rebutted,” Indian Express, April 21, 1989.

“CITU, AITU Oppose Gas Settlement,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, April 19, 1989.
“Seizure of UCC Assets in Bhopal Threatened,” Times of India, April 17, 1989.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Bhopal Settlement Disbursement Held Up,” Chemical and Engineering News, April 10, 1989.

Lewis, Premila, Radha Kumar, and Smitu Kothari, “A Cry of Anguish,” The Illustrated Weekly of India, April 9, 1989.

Surendra, Lawrence, “Bhopal Settlement, A Blot on Our Conscience,” Deccan Herald, April 1, 1989.

Dias, Clarence J. “Bhopal Betrayed,” India Worldwide, April 1989.

Trotter, Clayton R. and Susan G. Day and Amy E. Love, “Bhopal, India and
Union Carbide: The Second Tragedy,” Business Ethics, Spring 1984.

“Bhopal,” Plenty Bulletin, Spring 1989.

Singh, N.K. “Bhopal Gas Victims: A Long Haul Ahead,” India Today, Match 31, 1989.

Heylin, Michael, “The Bhopal Settlement,” Editorial, Chemical and Enaineerinq_News, March 20, 1989.

Mariman, F.S., “Tragic Insinuation,” Times of India, March 19, 1989.

Wagh, R.D., “Judicial Apartheid,” Times of India, March 18, 1989.

Fernandes, Allwyer, “Nominal Damages for Victim,” Times of India, March 15, 1989.

Singh, Raminder, “A Long Haul Ahead,” India Today, March 15, 1989.

Tarkunde, V.M., “Bhopal Critics Miss Two Main Points,” Times of India, March 15, 1989.

Balani, Anil, “Wise Judges,” Times of India, March 14, 1989.

Fernandes, Allwyn, “Country’s Laws Are Out of Date,” Times of India, March 14, 1989.

Fineman, Mark, “Bhopal Death Won’t Leave City,” Los Angeles Times, March 13, 1989.

“Agitation Till Justice at Bhopal,” The Statesman, March 13, 1989.

“Opposition Walks Out Over Bhopal Settlement,” Times of India, March 12, 1989.

Dhavan, Rajeev, “Was the Government Lying Then?,” News India, March 10, 1989.

“Bhopal Marchers Arrested,” New York Times, March 10, 1989.

“Bhopal Victims Protest,” The Statesman, March 10, 1989.

“Bhopal Act Hearing Begins,” Times of India, March 9, 1989.

“Hearing on Gas Tragedy Act Begins,” The Statesman, March 9, 1989.

Rustamji, K.F., “Coming to Terms With Bhopal,” March 8, 1989.

Sardasai, Rajdeep, “Principles vs. Pragmatism,” Times of India, March 8, 1989.

Baxi, Upendra, “Bhopal Victim” [Letters], Times of India, March 4, 1989.

Baxi, Upendra, “Judge Washes Hands in Bhopal Case,” Times of India, March 4, 1989.

Mitra, Nirmal, “New Delhi Sells Out: The Government’s Settlement Over the Bhopal Gas Disaster Satisfies Hardly Anyone Save the Company,” Sunday, March 4, 1989.

Sirochi, Sama, “The View From America: How the Settlement is Perceived by Civil Rights Activists in the U.S.A.,” Sunday, March 4, 1989.

Srinivasan, S., “Compensation Will Take Several Months To Come,” The Telegraph, March 4, 1989.

“A New Bhopal Bench,” Times of India, March 4, 1989.

“Crowd Storms UCC Office,” Times of India, March 4, 1989.

“Indian Anger Over Bhopal,” New York Times, March 4, 1989.

“Supreme Court Judge Quits Bhopal Case Bench,” The Telegraph, March 4, 1989.

“Opposition Walkout Over PM’s Remarks and Bhopal Settlement, “News India, March 3, 1989.

“Supreme Court Admits Debate on Bhopal Verdict,” News India, March 3, 1989.

“Remembering Gas Victims Once Again,” Patriot, March 3, 1989.

“57,000 Claimants for Compensation,” News India, March 3, 1989.

Ali, Salamat, “Settling for Less,” Far Eastern Economics Review, March 2, 1989.

“Three Petitions Filed on Carbide Issue,” Times of India, March 2, 1989.


Gaotam, Siddhartha, “Union Carbide Settlement Adds Insult to Injury,” Guardian, March 1, 1989.

Kumar, Radha, “Shame of Bhopal II – Money Cannot Buy Justice,” The Statesman, March 1, 1989.

Sharma, Ravi, “Bhopal Settlement – Averaging Under U.S. $600 Per Person,” Ecoforum, Vol. 13, No.6 March 1989.

“On the Bhopal Gas Disaster,” Indian Progressive Study Group at Columbia University, March 1989.

“Bhopal: Settlement or Sellout,” The Lawyers Collective, March 1989.

Sahay, S. “The Bhopal Case: Justified Criticism of the Court,” The Telegraph (Calcutta), Feb. 28, 1989.

“Copies of Ruling in Bhopal Case Burnt,” Indian Post, Feb. 28, 1989.

“George Blasts Carbide Accord,” Times of India, Feb. 28, 1989.

“Shame of Bhopal I – Justice Not Seen To Be Done,” The Statesman, Feb. 28, 1989.

“Unsettled in Bhopal,” Times of India, Feb. 28, 1989.

“Dhavan, Rajeev, The Judges-Must Explain,” Indian Post, Feb. 27, 1989.

Root, V.N., “Bhopal Victims Planned Appeal in US Unlikely to Succeed,” Indian Express, Feb. 27, 1989.

Sarin, Ashwini, “A Drab Affair,” Indian Express, Feb. 27, 1989.

“Fernandes Lambastes Carbide Verdict,” Times of India, Feb. 27, 1989.

“What A Life is Worth When One is Lost,” U.S. News and World Report, Feb. 27, 1989.

Mitra, Nirmal, “New Delhi Sells Out,” Sunday, Feb. 26 – March 4, 1989.

Sirohi, Seema, “The View From America,” Sunday, Feb. 26 – March 4, 1989.

“Furor Over Selling of Lives Cheap,” The Hindu, Feb. 26, 1989.

“Bhopal Act Questioned,” Times of India, Feb. 25, 1989.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “Court Awards $470 Million To Bhopal Gas-Leak Victims,” India Abroad, Feb. 24, 1989.

Majupuria, Sanjeev, “Mixed Reaction to Ruling,” India Abroad, Feb. 24, 1989.

Root, Vidya Nayak, “Bhopal Award is Anticlimax To A Bitter Four Year Struggle,” India Abroad, Feb. 24, 1989.

“UCC Case Settled,” News India, Feb. 24, 1989.

Everest, Larry, “Union Carbide’s Bhopal Settlement Is A Disaster in Itself”” Los Angeles Times, Feb. 23, 1989.

Tarkunde, V.M., “Carbide Settlement Merits Welcome,” Times of India, Feb. 23, 1989.

Tefft, Shelia, “After the Bhopal Settlement – Can India Woo Foreign Business?,” Christian Science Monitor, Feb. 23, 1989.

“Lawyers Blast Carbide Ruling,” Times of India, Feb. 23, 1989.

“MPs Assail Bhopal Verdict,” Times of India, Feb. 23, 1989.

Spaeth, Anthony, “Court Settlement Stuns Bhopal Survivors,” Wall Street Journal, Feb. 22, 1989.

“Bhopal’s Legacy,” Christian Science Monitor, Feb.22, 1989.

“UCC Wriggling Out of India,” Times of India, Feb. 22, 1989.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Bhopal Settlement: Carbide to Pay India $470 Million,” Chemical and Engineering News, Feb. 20, 1989.

“Bhopal Settlement: Carbide to Pay India 470 Million,” Chemical and Engineering News, Feb. 20, 1989.

“Clear Victory for Carbide,” Economic Times (Bangalore), Feb. 20, 1989.

Baxi, Upendra, ” The Second Bhopal Catastrophe,” Indian Express, Feb. 19, 1989.

Gladwell, Malcom, “The Costly Outcome of Bhopal,” The Washington Post, Feb. 19, 1989.

Singh, Manjeet, “Blowing in the Bhopal Wind,” The Sunday Observer, Feb. 19, 1989.

“Banks Vying for UCC Deposit,” Times of India, Feb. 19, 1989.

“Centre Must Pay for Shortfall in Cash,” Times of India, Feb. 19, 1989.

“U.S. Lawyers Want Their Pound of Flesh,” Times of India, Feb. 19, 1989.

Naidu, Chandrakant, “Mode of Disbursement of Relief Awaited,” Indian Express, Feb. 18, 1989.

“The Ghosts of Bhopal: Union Carbide’s Settlement Reveals a Gap in International Law,” The Economist, Feb. 18, 1989.

“RBI Consulted on Carbide’s Deposit,” Times of India, Feb. 18, 1989.

“MP Govt’s Dilemma over Carbide Compensation,” Times of India, Feb.18, 1989.

“The Ghosts of Bhopal,” The Economist, Feb. 18, 1989.

“Anderson Declared Absconder,” News India, Feb. 17, 1989.

“Bhopal Highlights Need For Legal Changes,” Times of India, Feb. 17, 1989.

“Condemn This Act of Treachery,” Indian Progressive Study Group at Columbia Univgrsity, Feb. 17, 1989.

“UCC Case to be Heard in Hindi,” News India, Feb. 17, 1989.

Baxi, Upendra, “The Bhopal Award: Another Calamity for Gas Victims,” Times of India, Feb. 16, 1989,

“A Judicial Let Down,” Times of India, Feb. 16, 1989.

“A Victory for Carbide,” The Economic Times (Bangalore), Feb. 16, 1989.

“Cry Victory–and Run,” Indian Express, Feb. 16, 1989.

“Measly Amount, Say Experts at CPM,” Times of India, Feb. 16, 1989.

“Surely Not In Measure!” The Hindu, Feb. 16, 1989.

“Union Carbide Let Off Lightly,” Times of India, Feb. 16, 1989.

“Taken for a Ride?,” The Statesman, Feb. 16, 1989.

“Verdict to Cost UCC 50 Cents per Share,” The Economic Times (Bangalore), Feb. 16, 1989.

Campbell, Joseph, “Carbide Will Pay India 470 Million: For Victims, the Ordeal Still Goes On,” The Hartford Courant, Feb. 15, 1989.

Eichenwald, Kurt, “Lead Lawyer for Carbide Relieved by End of Case,” New York Times, Feb. 15, 1989.

Koenig, Richard, Beatrice E. Garcia and Anthony Spaeth, “Union Carbide, India Reach 470 Million Settlement in ’84 Bhopal-Gas Leak That Killed More Than 2,500,” Wall Street Journal, Feb. 15, 1989.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “Bhopal Payments By Union Carbide Set at 470 Million,” New York Times, Feb. 15, 1989.

Labaton, Stephen, “Bhopal Outcome: Trial Is Avoided,” New York Times, Feb. 15, 1989.

Rasie, Lawrence, “Union Carbide Stock Rises; Analysts Say Company Can Now Look Ahead,” The Hartford Courant, Feb. 15, 1989.

Richter, Paul, “$470 Million Settlement for Bhopal OKd,” Los Angeles Times, Feb. 15, 1989.

Richter, Paul, “Settlement Leaves Bhopal Mystery Unresolved,” Los Angeles Times, Feb. 15, 1989.

Spaeth, Anthony, “Carbide to Pay $470 Million to Bhopal Victims,” The Asian Wall Stgeet Journal, Feb. 15, 1989.

Spivack, Miranda, “Carbide Will Pay India 470 Million: Settlement Caps Bhopal Court Fight,” The Hartford Courant, Feb. 15, 1989.

Tefft, Sheila and Siddhartha Dube, “Bhopal Disaster Settled,” Washington Post, Feb. 15, 1989.

“Bhopal Gas Tragedy Claims Settled: SC Orders UCC to Pay 470 Million,” The Economic Times (Bangalore), Feb. 15, 1989.

“Bouquets and Brickbats,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Feb. 15, 1989.

“Carbide to Pay $470 Million to Bhopal Victims, ” Asian Wall Street Journal, Feb. 15, 1989.

“India, U.S. Firm Reach Accord on Bhopal Disaster,” Christian Science Monitor, Feb. 15, 1989.

“Mixed Reactions to Compensation,” Times of India, Feb. 15, 1989.

“Reasonable Settlement,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Feb. 15, 1989.

“SC Orders UCC to Pay Rs. 705cr Compensation,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Feb. 15, 1989.

“Union Carbide Agrees to Settle All Bhopal Litigation for 470 Million in Pact with Indian Supreme Court,” Wall Street Journal, Feb. 15, 1989.

Sharma, Anil, “UCC Hardly Hit by Disaster,” Times of India, Feb. 14, 1989.

“Bhopal Drama,” Times of India, Feb. 14, 1989.


STATEMENT OF CASE, 1989. A petition under Article 32 of the Constitution
of India arising out of the settlement/order of the Court dated Feb. 14,
1989 and Feb. 15, 1989. [Seeks to overturn order and revert to situation
that existed prior to Feb. 14, 1989.)

WRIT PETITION NO. 281, 1989. In the Supreme Court of India, March 1989. [Challenges the order for settlement. The petitioner, Rajkumer Keswani, victim of the leak, published several articles in reputed journals that warned of a Bhopal disaster between 1982 and 1984.]

WRIT PETITION NO. 268, 1989. Charan Lal Sahu, Rakesh Shrouti, Kajkumar Xeswani, Nasrin Si and Others vs. union of India.

MEMORANDUM OF LAW AND AFFIRMATION, Feb. 15, 1989. [Submissions before John F. Keenan by two members of the Executive Committee (a committee set up by Keenan when the case was in New York) requesting payment for their services and oversight of the settlement.]

ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA, Feb. 15, 1989. In the Supreme Court of India, 1989. [Outlines the payments to be made by Union Carbide and specifies that all the charges against union Carbide be dropped.]

ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA, Feb. 14, 1989. [Orders Union Carbide to pay 470 million U.S. dollars to the Union of India on or before March 31, 1989. Voids all criminal proceedings, concludes all settlements.]

Review Petition No. 229, 1989. Union of India vs. Union Carbide. Additional submission in support of Review Petition.

Counter Affidavit on Behalf of Union of India to Review Petition, March 23, 1990.

Supplementary Affidavit on Behalf of the Review Petitioners, June 3, 1990.

WRIT PETITION, Feb. 15, 1989. In the Supreme Court of India. [Association for Socio Legal Literacy through its Nominated Secretary Indeevar Goodwill vs. Union of India and another. Petitioner challenges the order for settlement.]


No More Bhopals – The Survivors Speak Out: Bhopal Survivors Visit the UK Information for Solidarity Between Communities at Risk, May – June 1989.

“Gas-Hit Stage Demonstration,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, June 27, 1989.

“Gas Victims Seek Justice From ICJ,” Indian Express, June 27, 1989.

“Bhopal Victims Fly In,” Sunday Press, June 21, 1989.

“Open Letter to ICJ on Gas Compensation,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, June 19, 1989.

Sirohi, Seema, “Bhopal Gas Victims Take Campaign to U.S.,” The Telegraph, June 18, 1989.

“Gas-Hit Campaign Against Carbide,” The Hindustan Times, June 14, 1989.

“Gathering Support in U.S. for Bhopal Victims,” The Hindu, June 14, 1989.

“Many ‘Silent Bhopals’ All Over World,” Times of India, June 14, 1989.

“Safety Rules’ Being Violated in U.S.: Gas Victims,” Indian Express, June 14, 1989.

“Struggle for Justice Continues,” The Statesman, June 14, 1989.

“Gas Victims Plea to Stop Exploitation,” Indian Express, June 7, 1989.

“Gas Victims Rally to Protest Government Apathy,” Times of India, June 7, 1989.

“Gas Victims stage Dharma,” Hindustan Times, June 7, 1989.

“Demonstration by Gas Hit At Delhi,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, June 7, 1989.

Sharma, P. “Bhopal Gas Victims Start Campaign in UK,” The Hindustan Times, June 2, 1989.

Clark, Henry, “Bhopal Victims: Solidarity in Richmond,” Global Pesticide Monitor, Vol. I, Summer 1989.

Dos, Arvind N., “Gas Victims’ Letter to World Court,” The Times of India, May 31, 1989.

No More Bhopals – Interim Report and Press Clippings UK Visit, May 30 -June 12, 1989.

de Rijk, Mirjam, “Bhopal Kerkrade: Ontkennen en Niets Doen, 11 TROUN, May 26, 1989.

“Over Leven in Bhopal, Delegatie Van Slachtoffers Bezoekt Nederland,” Aktiegroep ‘Nooit Meer Bhopal,” May 24-30, 1989.

Hogan, Dick, “Merrell Dow Rejects Bhopal Comparison,” Irish Times, May 23, 1989.

Duggon, Joe, “Toxic Dangers Stressed,” Cork Examiner, May 22, 1989.

“Bhopal Gas to be Used in Cork Plant,” Irish Times, May 22, 1989.

Corwin, Anne, “Bhopal In Atlanta,” Creative Loafing, May 20, 1989.

“Bhopal Victims Protest Warn of N.J. Leaks,” The Trenton Times, May 20, 1989.

“Bhopal Survivors and Toxics Coalition Want Help,” N.J. Right to Know and Act Coalition, May 19, 1984.

Dutt, Ela, “Cool U.S. Reception to Bhopal Victims,” The Hindustan Times, May 17, 1989.

Bickel, Cheryl, “Bhopal Survivors Spread the Word About Deadly Gas,” The Evansville Press Metro, May 13, 1989.

Garber, Anna, “Suffering Not Yet Over, Say Bhopal Survivors,” Knoxville Journal, May 12, 1989.

Sundaram, Viji, “Carbide Offers Bailout to Jailed Bhopal Protestors,” India West, May 12, 1989.

Jones, Kim, “Bhopal Disaster Still Casts Pall,” The Evening Telegram, May 8, 1989.

Culbreth, John, “Bhopal Survivors Urge Unity to Stop Chemical Giants Like
GSX,” The Robesonian, May 7, 1989.

Brown, Ann Cornelius, ” ’84 Bhopal Disaster Killed 5 Siblings, Both His
Parents,” Durham Mornina Herald, May 5, 1989.

Hinmon, Derrick, “Never Forget Bhopal, Group Urges,” The Atlanta Journal
and Constitution, May 4, 1989.

Jacobus, Patricia, “Bhopal Victims Want Local Plant Shut,” The Daily
Californian, May 4, 1989.

Campbell, James T., “Hotel Drops Charges Against 4 in Bhopal Protest Case,”
Houston Chronicle, May 2, 1989.

“Gas Victims Continue U.S. Tour,” Indian Express, April 30, 1989.

Felde, Marie, “Bhopal Survivors Urge Closure of Toxic Plants,”
Richmond Tribune, April 29, 1989.

Khanna, Simar, “Refinery Neighbors Are Warned,” West County Times, April
29, 1989.

Galvan, Victor, “Activists Blast Arrest of Survivors,” The Galveston Daily
News, April 27, 1989.

Morris, Robert, “Bhopal Victims Protest – Carbide Stockholders Reject
Plea,” The Galveston Daily News, April 27, 1989.

Galvan, Victor, “Indian Group: TC Potential Bhopal,” The Galveston Daily
News, April 26, 1989.

Gillentine, Cathy, “Bhopal Survivors Raise Concerns,” Texas City Sun, April
26, 1989.

McMahon, Bill, “Bhopal Victim Says Settlement by Union Carbide Not Enough,”
Morning Advocate, April 20, 1989.
Lane, Ellen, “Bhopal Victim Assails Union Carbide Settlement,” Gannett Westchester Newspapers, April 19, 1989.

“4 Bhopal Gas Victims to Visit U.S.,” Indian Express, April 15, 1989.


“Bhopal Gas Suffering ‘Underestimated’,” The Times of India, Feb. 12, 1989.

“Bhopal Gas Tragedy: Damage Underplayed,” The Hindu, Feb. 12, 1989.

“MIC Victims Still Suffering,” Indian Express, Feb. 12, 1989.

“Statistics On Gas Victims Questioned,” Patriot, Feb. 12, 1989.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “Bhopal Victims Still Wait for Carbide Money,” New York Times, Jan. 30, 1989.

Thayil, Jeet, “Bhopal Still Choking On Air,” MID-DAY, Jan. 23, 1989.

“Diminishing Compensation,” India Today, Jan. 15, 1989.

“Govt to Oppose Carbide Settlement,” The Telegraph, Jan. 13, 1989.

“Bhopal Settlement Stayed,” Patriot, Jan. 4, 1989.

“Carbide Case: Plea to Keep Settlement Order in Abeyance,” The Hindu, Jan. 4, 1989.

Najarian, Maral, “Bhopal Still Wages a War Against Death and Disappointment,” Daily News, Dec. 22, 1988.

“Bhopal Litigation: Still Running Around in Circles,” Business India, Dec. 12-25, 1988.

Chandrasekar, V.S., “No Settlement In Sight for Gas Victims Even After 4 Years, Victims Live in Agony,” News India, Dec. 9, 1988.

Dias, Clarence J., and Ward Morehouse, “Consumer vs. Corporation: A Battle That Prolongs Victims Suffering,” The Hartford Courant, Dec. 4, 1988.

“SC Reserves Order in Carbide Case,” Indian Express, Nov. 16, 1988.

“Carbide Claims May Be Settled in Next Century,” Indian Post, Nov. 29, 1988.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “India’s Top Court Urges Settlement On Bhopal Gas Leak,” New York Times, Nov. 2, 1988.

“Carbide in Pledge To India,” New York Times, August 8, 1988.

Koenig, Richard, “Connecticut Ruling In Bhopal Case May Help Carbide,” Wall Street Journal, August 1, 1988.

“Bhopal Prosecution,” Washington Post, July 17, 1988.

“Union Carbide Agrees To Pay $500 Million to Settle Gas Case,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, July 11, 1988.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Bhopal Litigation: Carbide Seeks Solution Outside India,” Chemical and Engineering News, June 27, 1988.

Lepkowski, Wil, “The Legacy of Bhopal,” United Nations Economic Programme Industry and Environment, July/August/September 1988.

“Ban on Union Carbide Reaching Settlements in U.S. Asked By India,” Wall Street Journal, June 20, 1988.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “New Effort By Carbide on Bhopal,” New York Times, June 20, 1988.

“Sue UCC for Higher Relief: Experts,” Times of India, May 19, 1988.

“Court Order for Union Carbide in Bhopal,” Washington Post, May 17, 1988.

Weintraub, Richard M. “Union Carbide Ordered to Pay $193 Million,” Washington Post, April 5, 1988.

“UCC Seeks Agreement With India,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, April 4, 1988.

“Ruling Due On Bhopal Plea,” New York Times, Feb. 22, 1988.

O’Keefe, Constance, “Justice Gone Astray for Victims of Bhopal Disaster,” Tribune, Feb. 12, 1988.

Bleiberg, Robert M. “Fresh Disaster At Bhopal,” Barrons, Feb. 1, 1988.

“The Settlement Drama,” India Today, Dec. 15, 1987.

“Gas Victims Oppose Govt Move,” Indian Express, Dec. 4, 1987.

Spaeth, Anthony, “Bhopal Judge Grants Union Carbide, India More Time To Agree On Payment,” Wall Street Journal, Nov. 19, 1987.

“Bhopal Talks Fail,” New York Daily News, Nov. 19, 1987.

“No Bhopal Settlement,” Times of India, Nov. 19, 1987.

“Unjustified Haste,” Business India, Nov. 16-29, 1987.

.”Settlement or Sell-Out?,” The Sunday Observer, Nov. 8, 1987.

Lueck, Thomas, “Carbide Settlement on Bhopal Is Seen,” New York Times, Nov. 18, 1987.

Hazarika, SanJoy, “Carbide and India Strive for Bhopal Fund Accord,” New York Times, Nov, 18, 1987.

“Govt. Letting Carbide Off Easily,” Times of India, Nov. 12, 1987.

Bidwai, Praful, “Justice For Bhopal Victims: Wrong Time To Settle With Carbide,” Times of India, Nov. 11, 1987.

Lee, Elliot and Anthony Spaeth, “Bhopal Case Seems Near a Settlement; Carbide Would Pay Up to $600 Million,” Wall Street Journal, Nov. 2, 1987.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “Hopes High As Bhopal Talks Go On,” New York Times, Oct. 31, 1987.

“Call Against Hasty UCC Settlement,” Times of India, Oct. 28, 1987.

“SC Panel Minority Indicts Carbide,” Times of India, Oct. 28, 1987.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “India Urges Swift Bhopal Accord With Carbide,” New York Times, Oct. 28, 1987.

“Govt.-Carbide Patch-up Likely,” Times of India, Sept. 15, 1987.

“Union Carbide, India Are Urged To Settle by Oct. 30,” Wall Street Journal, Sept. 15, 1987.

Bleiberg, Robert M., “Thought for Labor Day – In the Bhopal Disaster, There’s Plenty of Blame to Go Round,” Barrons, Sept. 7, 1987.

“Carbide Moves Been In India,” New York Times, Sept. 1, 1987.

“Without Conscience,” Indian Express, August 22, 1987.

Balashankar, R., “Caught In A Legal Bind,” The Week, July 8, 1987.

Westlake, Melvyn, “Trouble in the Third World’s Environment,” World Press Review, July 1987.

“Carbide Blames India for Lack of Settlement,” Times of India, April 4, 1987.

Bidwai, Praful, “Bhopal,” World Press Review, March 1987.

Dauer, Edward A., “Break the Logjam on Bhopal Relief India-Union Carbide Settlement Could Help the Victims Now,” Los Angeles Times, Dec. 19, 1986.

Spivak, Miranda and W. Joseph Campbell, “Anderson says Gandhi Key to Bhopal Claims,” Hartford Courant, Dec. 4, 1986.

“Bhopal Litigation: Carbide, India Move Further Apart,” Chemical and Engineering News, Dec. 1, 1986.

Meier, Barry and Miller, Matt, “India Plans to Seek at Least $3 Billion from Union Carbide for Bhopal Claims, ” Wall Street Journal, Nov. 24, 1986.

“Centre Claims $3b. In Carbide Case,” Times of India, Nov. 23, 1986.

HazarikA, Sanjoy, “India Names Figure in Suit on Bhopal: New Delhi Tells Court It Will Seek at Least $3 Billion,” New York Times, Nov. 23, 1986.

“Efforts Toward Bhopal Settlement Pick Up Steam,” Chemical and Engineering News, Sept. 15, 1986.

Meier, Barry, “Carbide Seems to Scuttle Proposed Pact in Bhopal Case Due to India’s Rejection,” Wall Street Journal, April 24, 1986.

Glaberson, Harris, Houston and Dwyer, “How a Deal on Bhopal Eluded Carbide,” Business Week, April 7, 1986.

Weisman, S., “India Rejects Accord in Bhopal Case,” New York Times, March 25, 1986.

Subramaniam, Arun and Javed Gaya, “Bhopal: Settlement Or Litigation?,” Business India, Feb. 24-March 9, 1986.

Gibson, David W., “How the Indians View Carbide,” Chemical Week, December 18, 1985.

“Environment After Bhopal,” World Press Review, Feb. 1985.

“The World Looks At Bhopal,” World Press Review, Jan. 1985.


“Interim Relief To Gas-Hit Sparks Row,” Times of India, December 3, 1990.

“$600m Required for Victims Health Care,” Patriot, November 21, 1990.

“A New Township For Bhopal Disaster Victims,” New York Times, September 12, 1990.

“Centre May Not Fund Bhopal,” Times of India, July 22, 1990.

“Payouts in Bhopal Are Going Slow,” New York Times, July 23, 1990.

“Rs 163-cr. Relief for Bhopal victims,” Times of India, January 25, 1990.

Gautam, Siddhartha, “Bhopal Victims Demand Justice,” The Guardian, Dec. 21, 1988.

Singh, N.K. and David Devadas, “Bhopal Tragedy: Wages of Bungling,” India Today, Dec. 15, 1988.

Dias, Clarence and Ward Morehouse, “No Relief Yet in Bhopal: Compensate Victims While Waiting for Justice,” Los Angeles Times, Dec. 3, 1988.

“Bhopal Survivors Losing the Waiting Game,” Atlanta Constitution, Dec. 3, 1988.

Everest, Larry, “Thousands Dead, More Will Die, While Union Carbide Stalls,” The Seattle Times, Dec. 2, 1988.

“Victimizing the Bhopal Gas Victims,” The Statesman, Nov. 16, 1988.

Singh, S. Nihal, “Bhopal Victims Suffer As Parasites Prosper,” Times of India, Sept. 27, 1988.

Weisman, Steven, “New Court Setback for Carbide in Bhopal Case,” New York Times, July 1, 1988.

Feder, Barnaby, “Payout Cut, Issue Set By Carbide,” New York Times, May 19,

Singh, N.K., “Another Round Won: High Courts Award Interim Damages of Rs250 Crore,” India Today, April 30, 1988.

“Indian Court Rules Carbide Must Pay,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, April 11, 1988.

Lepkowski, Will “Carbide Payment For Bhopal Relief Upheld,” Chemical and Engineering News, April 11, 1988.

“Broadening Bhopal’s Cost,” Asian Wall Street Journal, April 6, 1988.

Weisman, Steven, “India Judge Tells Carbide To Pay Relief,” New York Times, April 5, 1988.

“Indian Court Upholds But Trims Payment Order Against Carbide,” Wall Street Journal, April 5, 1988.

“Carbide Ordered to Pay Relief,” Times of India, April 4, 1988.

Lepkowski, Will “Ruling Due on Bhopal Interim Compensation,” Chemical and Engineering News, March 14, 1988.

“Carbide Appeals Bhopal Order,” Chemical and Engineering News, Jan. 25, 1988.

“UCC Plea Against Relief Ruling,” Times of India, Jan. 19, 1988.

Singh, N.K., “Relief of Rs 350 Crore,” India Today, Jan. 15, 1988.

“Welcome Relief,” Business India, Dec. 28-Jan. 10, 1988.

“Union Carbide Opposes Interim $ For Bhopal,” National Underwriter, Dec. 28, 1987.

“Interim Relief Ordered For Bhopal Gas Victims,” News India, Dec. 25, 1987.

“Carbide Ordered To Pay In Bhopal, But It Resists,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, Dec. 21,1987.

“Justice At Last,” Times of India, Dec. 19, 1987.

“Bhopal Judge Tells Carbide To Pay Up,” Oman Daily Observer, Dec. 19, 1987.

“Welcome Relief,” Indian Post, Dec. 19, 1987.

Punwani, Jyoti, “Verdict On Bhopal Tragedy ‘Bad in Law’,” Indian Post, Dec. 19, 1987.

“Bhopal Gas Victims Win RS 350-Crore IR,” Times of India, Dec. 18, 1987.

“Bhopal Judge Orders Union Carbide To Pay $270 Million In Interim Relief,” Wall Street Journal, Dec. 18, 1987.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “$270 Million Interim Aid Ordered In Bhopal Case,” New York Times, Dec. 18, 1987.

Weintraub, Richard, “Union Carbide Told To Pay Gas Victims,” Washington Post, Dec. 18, 1987.

“Memo Seeks Interim Aid to Gas-Hit,” Times of India, Dec. 16, 1987.

“Bhopal Victims Claim 1000cr Interim Relief,” The Hindustan Times, Dec. 15, 1987.

“Carbide Opposes Interim Relief Plan,” The Hindustan Times, Dec. 8, 1987.


“Toxic Water Found Around UCC Plant,” Times of India, May 16, 1990.

“Clearer Picture of Damage At Last,” Economic and Political Weekly, Dec. 2, 1989.

“One Bhopal Gas Victim Dies Every Day,” Indian Express, August 26, 1989.

Mehrotra, Suresh, “MIC Death Tolls Over 3,525,” Indian Express, July 25, 1989.

The Hazards Bulletin and Bhopal Newsletter, November 1987-February 1988.

“Bhopal Death, Toll Put at 2,998,” Washington Post, April 29, 1988.

Dunphy, Joseph, “British TV Revisits Bhopal,” Chemical Week, July 27, 1988.

“Gas Leak Episode at Bhopal,” Air Pollution Control Board.

“Union Carbide and the Investigation of Bhopal,” Multinational Monitor, April 1987.

Lepkowski, W., “Bhopal: Indian City Begins to Heal But Conflicts Remain,”
Chemical and Engineering News, Dec. 2, 1986.

Wi1kins, L., “Media Coverage of Quick Onset Hazards: Toward a Definition
of Memorable News. The Bhopal Example,” Report sponsored by National Science Foundation, Dec., 1986.

“A C&EN Special Issue: Bhopal, the Continuing Story,” Chemical and Engineering News, Feb. 11, 1986 [Entire issue].

Reinhold, R., “Disaster in Bhopal: Where Does the Blame Lie,” New York Times, Jan. 31, 1985.

“The Disaster in Bhopal: Workers Recall Horror and Panic,” New York Times, Jan. 30, 1986.

Bidwai, Praful, “Story of an Unended Disaster,” Times of India, Dec. 3, 1985.

Agarwal, Anil, “The Cloud Over Bhopal,” New Scientist, Nov. 28, 1985.

Verma, Santosh, “The Damned: Photoessay of Bhopal’s Children,” The
Illustrated Weekly of India, Sept. 1, 1985.

Bhargava, “The Bhopal Tragedy: A Middle Word,” Economic and Political Weekly, June 1, 1985.

“The Cover Up: Why Union Carbide Should Be Thrown Out of India,” Sunday, April 7-13, 1985.

“Bhopal Methyl Isocyanate Incident Investigation Team Report,” Union Carbide Corporation, March, 1985.

Subramaniam and B. Bhushan, “Bhopal: What Really Happened?,” Business India, Feb.25-March 10, 1985.

“The Disaster in Bhopal: Lessons for the Future,” New York Times, Jan. 31, 1985.

Diamond, Stuart, “The Bhopal Disaster, How It Happened,” New York Times, Jan. 28, 1985.

Luders, Richard Pan, Business Day, Abyess Press, N.J. 1985.

Subramaniam, Arun, “The Catastrophe at Bhopal,” Business India, Dec. 17-30, 1984.

Time Magazine, Dec. 17, 1984 [Cover and several articles]

“Poison Gas Leak at Union Carbide Plant in India Kills Hundreds, Injures 10,000,” Wall Street Journal, Dec. 4, 1984.

Visvanathan, Shiv and Rajni Kothari, “Bhopal: The Imagination of Disaster,”

Books and Reports

The Bhopal Disaster Effect of MIC Gas on Crops, Animals, and Fish, The Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

Madhya Pradesh Vigyan Sabha, The Genocide and Its Aftermath. Bhopal:
MPVS, Dec. 2, 1985.

Delhi Committee on Bhopal Gas Tragedy, Repression and Apathy in
Bhopal. Delhi: Ashok Printing Press, August, 1985.

Delhi Science Forum Report, Bhopal Gas Tragedy. New Delhi: Society for Delhi Science Forum.

Bhopal: A People’s View of Death, Their Right to Know and Live. Bhopal: EKLAVIA.

de Grazia, Alfred, A Cloud Over Bhopal. Bombay: Kalos Foundation, 1985.

“The Trade Union Report on Bhopal,” International Confederation of Free Trade Unions and the International Federation of Chemical Energy and General Workers’ Unions, July, 1985.

“The Role of Management Practices in the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster, Union Research Group, June, 1985.


“Over 2 Lakh Bhopal Gas Victims ‘Left In Lurch,” Indian Express, December 30, 1990.

“Medical Checks Favoured Carbide: Bhopal Victims,” Free Press Journal, December 28, 1990.

“How Killer MIC Lives on in Bhopal,” The Economic Times, November 25, 1990.

Narayan, Thelma,” Health Impact of Bhopal Disaster: An Epidemiological Perspective,” Economic And Political Weekly, August 18-25, 1990

“US Animal Studies Duplicate MIC Lethal Effects,” The Telegraph, July 21, 1990.

Mehta, Sunder J. “Full Effects of Toxic Gas Still a Puzzle,” San Diego Tribune, Jan. 17, 1990.

“Carbide Plant Spews More Than MIC,” Times of India, January 25,1990.

“Bhopal Gas Victims in Trauma: Experts, Patriot, Dec. 12, 1989.

Gaffar, Dr. Sheikh A., “The Rising Toll of the Chemicals,” Indian Express, December 6, 1989.

“Bhopal’s Doctors Given High Praise,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Dec. 3, 1989.

Personal Interview by Ward Morehouse, Michael Anderson and Barbara Dinham with S. Sathyan, Commissioner of Gas Relief, Department of Relief and Rehabilitation, Bhopal, November 28, 1989.

The Department of Relief and Rehabilitation Bhopal Gas Tragedy, “Programs Provided for Gas Victims,” November 1989.

Singh, Raminder, “Gas Victims the Horror Continues,” India Today, March 15, 1989.

Fineman, mark, “New Generation Hit – Bhopal Death Won’t Leave City,” Los Angeles Times, March 13, 1989.

Srinivasan, S., “Bhopal Victims Continue to Die in Hospitals,” The Telegraph, March 5, 1989.

Andersson, N. , M. Kerr Muir, V. Mehra, A.G. Salmon, “Exposure and Response to Methyl.Isocyanate: Results of a Community Based Survey in Bhopal,” British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 1988, 45: 469-75.

Anderson, Diana, Shobh.a Coyle, B.J. Phillips, A. Tee, et. al., “Effects of Methyl Isocyanate on Rat Muscle Cells in Culture,” British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 1988, 45: 269-74.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Methyl Isocyanate: Studies Point to Systemic Effects,” Chemical and Engineering News, June 13, 1988.

Personal Injury Evaluation of Yashrab Parveen of Bhopal Gas Leak Tragedy, May 28, 1988.

Sadgopal, Dr. Anil and Dr. Sujit K. Das, “Interim Report in Sodium Thiosulphate Therapy of the Bhopal Gas Victims,” May 1988.

U.S. EPA Health Assessment Document for Methyl Isocyanate – Draft, April 1988.

“Bhopal Tragedy: 200 New Victims Are Facing Death Every Month,” News India, Dec. 11, 1987.

“Bhopal Mourns MIC Dead,” The Hindustan Times, Dec. 4, 1987.

“Bhopal Mourns Gas Victims,” Indian Express, Dec. 4, 1987.

“Bhopal’s Festering Sores,” Indian Express, Dec. 4, 1987.

“Gas-Hit Indifferent To Anniversary,” Times of India, Dec. 4, 1987.

“Bhopal Disaster: India Publishes Medical Data,” Chemical and Engineering News, Nov. 30, 1987.

“Toxins Present in Gas Victims’ Bodies,” Times of India, Oct. 28, 1987.

Sadgopal, Dr. Anil and Dr. Sujit K. Das, extracts from report on A
Preliminary Report of Concern Regarding Persistence of Toxins in the Bodies of Bhopal Gas Victims submitted to the Supreme Court of India on Oct. 26,

“New Light on Bhopal Morbidity,” The Hindustan Times, Oct. 31, 1987.

“Gas Victims Still Carry Toxins,” The Hindustan Times, Oct. 28, 1987.

“Bhopal Survivors Carry Toxins,” The Statesman, Oct. 28, 1987.

“Toxicity of Methyl Isocyanate,” Environmental Science Technology, Vol. 12,
no.2, 1987.

“No Succor in Sight,” Indian Express, July 1, 1987.

Miller, Matt, “Two Years After Bhopal’s Gas Disaster, Lingering Effects
Still Plague Its People,” Wall Street Journal, Dec. 5, 1986.

Campbell, W. Joseph, “Bhopal Disaster Casts Pall of Misery, Medical
Uncertainty,” Hartford Courant, Nov. 30, 1986.

“ICMR Concerned about Gas Victims Losing Sight,” Times of India, Sept. 27,

“Lung Damage to Gas Victims Long-Term,” Times of India, Sept. 6, 1986.

Jain, Dr. S.K. and Dr. S.K. Dave, “Working Manual – I on The Health
Problems of the Bhopal Gas Victims Assessment and Management, Indian
Council of Medical Research – New Delhi, April 1986.

“Methyl Isocyanate Tests: New Evidence of Lasting Lung Damage,” Chemical and Engineering News, March 3, 1986.

“Among Seriously Affected Mutagenesis Changes Not Ruled Out,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Feb. 22, 1986.

“Science: Rats Provide Model for Bhopal Poisoning,” New Scientist, Jan. 30, 1986.

Bidwai, Praful, “Health Damage Severe, Persistent,” Times of India, Dec. 4, 1985.

Campbell, Joseph W., “Survivors Face Life of Poor Health,” Hartford Courant, Dec. 4, 1985. [Includes diagram: “Medical Problems of Bhopal Victims.”]

Tenorio, Vyvyan, “Initial Data on Bhopal Survivors,” Chemical Week, Dec. 4, 1985.

“Immune System Flaws are Found at Bhopal,” New York Times, Oct. 30, 1985.

Subramaniam, Arun, “The Dangers of Diagnostic Delay,” Business India, August 12-25 1985.

“Twenty-one Babies Born Deformed: Gas Leak,” Times of India, July 16, 1985.

“Six Deformed Babies in India Linked to Bhopal Gas Leak,” New York Times, July 16, 1985.

“MIC Affected Delivered Child,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, March 23, 1985.

Salmon, A.G., N. Anderson, and M. Kerr Muir, “Toxicity of Methyl Isocyanate: The Current Picture,” Indian Journal of Medical Res., supplement Dec., 1985.

Salmon, A.G., N. Anderson, and M. Kerr Muir, “Acute Toxicity of Methyl Isocyanate: A Preliminary Study of the Dose Response for. Eye and other Effects,” British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 1985.

Bishop, Jerry, “Long-Term Effects Aren’t Known of Gas That Killed or Hurt Thousands in India,” Wall Street Journal, Dec. 4, 1984.


Mehta, Pushpa S. et al., “Bhopal Tragedy’s Health Effects: A review Of Methyl Isocyanate Toxicity,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, Dec. 5, 1990.

Sathyamala,C. and Vohra,N. Continuing Effects of the Toxic Gases On The Health Status of the Surviving Population in Bhopal, (Preliminary Report of a Medical Study Carried Out Five Years After The Disaster.)

Sadgopal, A. and Das, S., Extracts From a Preliminary Report of Concern Regardinq Persistance of Toxins In the Bodies of Bhopal Gas Victims, Oct. 26, 1987.

Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation Department, Satguru Complex, Medical Documentation for Claimants Guidelines for Medical Officers, June and October 1987.

Hawkinson,Jon, The Cyanide Controversy: A Toxicological Report on the Bhopal Gas Disaster. San Francisco: The Bhopal Project, March, 1986.

Government of India, Report on Scientific Studies on the Factors Related to Bhopal Toxic Gas Leakage, Dec., 1985.

Medico Friend Circle, The Bhopal Disaster Aftermath: An Epidemiological and Socio-Medical Survey, Summary of the Report, Oct., 1985.

Jana Swarthya Kendra, Proposal for Health Activities for Bhopal Gas Victims for the Next Four Months, Oct., 1985.

Government of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal Gas Tragedy, Relief and Rehabilitation–Current Status, August 1985.

Indian Council of Medical Research, Minutes of the Meeting on Thiosulphate Therapy in MIC Exposed Population Held on 14th February, 1985 at ICMR Headquarters, New Delhi.

Medico Friend Circle, Medical Relief and Research in Bhopal: The Realities and Recommendations, Feb., 1985.

Department of Respiratory Medicine/Seth Medical College, Preliminary observation on Early Toxicity in Subjects Exposed to the Isocyanate Gas Leak Disaster at Bhopal, 1985.

Indian Council of Medical Research, The Bhopal Disaster: Current Status (the first nine days) and Programme of Research, 1985.

Indian Council of Medical Research, The Health Effects of Inhalation of Toxic Gas at Bhopal, 1985.

Sadgopal, M. and R. Bang, Effects of The Bhopal Disaster on Women’s Health: An Epidemic of Gynecological Diseases, 1985.

Rationale for the Use of Sodium Thiosulphate as an Antidote in the Treatment of the Victims of the Bhopal Gas Disaster – A Review, Jun 7, 1985.


“Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation Department,” Government Madhya Pradesh.

“Interim Relief for Bhopal Victims,” The Statesman, August 26, 1989.

“Relief for 7,687 Gas Victims,” Times of India, August 26, 1989.

“Government Alerts Gas Department on Relief,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, August 5, 1989.

“Relief outlay for Gas Victims Slashed,” Times of India, August 1, 1989.

“Gas Victims’ Interests,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, July 31, 1989.

“Gas-Hit Action Plan Slashed to Rs 163 Cr,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, July 30,1989.

“Rehabilitation Plan for Gas Hit Rejected,” Times of India, July 25, 1989.

“Programmes for Bhopal Gas Victims,” Indian Express, Feb. 22, 1989.

“Training Centre Closure Criticized,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, Jan. 7, 1989.

Srinivasan, Kannan, “Working With the Government,” Economic and Political Weekly, Sept. 6, 1986.

“Relief and Rehabilitationof Bhopal Victims,” News India, May 6, 1988.

“Gas-hit Women Court Arrest,” Times of India, April 7, 1988.

Gupta, Joydeep,”Skilled Women Jobless in Bhopal,” Sunday Statesman, May 10, 1987.

Kennedy, Robert, “Letter To Employees of Union Carbide,” Union Carbide Corporation, Feb., 1987. (Explains how all of UCC’s efforts have been thwarted by GOI for political reasons.]

“Hospital for Bhopal Victims,” EN, Nov. 13, 1988.

“Approach to Bhopal Tragedy Flayed,” Times of India, Sept. 26, 1986.

“Bergman Exposed State-Apathy,” The Statesman, Sept. 17, 1986.

Panchal, Chinu, “Police Browbeat Bhopal Activists,” Times of India, Sept. 16, 1986.

Srinivasan, Kannan, “Briton Misled into Overstaying Visa,” The Statesman (Calcutta), Sept. 15, 1986.

“Bhopal Voluntary Work Adversely Affected,” Indian Express (New Delhi), Sept. 15, 1986.

“Trumped Up Charges [Editorial],” Times of India, Sept. 12, 1986.

“CID Crackdown on Bhopal Activists,” Indian Express (New Delhi), Sept. 12, 1986.

“Court Orders Release of Bergman,” Times of India, Sept. 11, 1986.

“Official Apathy to Carbide Cover-up,” The Hindustan Times, Sept. 11, 1986.

Mall, Rattan, “Bhopal Action Group Alleges Victimization,” Times of India, Sept. 10, 1986.

Ninan, Sevanti, “No Foreign Funds for Development Work,” Indian Express (New Delhi), Sept. 9, 1986.

“Bhopal Police Change Charge Against ‘Spy’,” Times of India, Sept. 9, 1986.

“Not the End of the Road,” Indian Express (New Delhi), Sept. 4, 1986. (Article on Bergman.]

Chinoy, Buji, “Bhopal Tragedy,” Times of India, June 25, 1986. [Letter.]

Aiyar, Shahnaz Anklesaria, “Making Common Cause with Bhopal,” Indian Express. (New Delhi), March 2, 1986.

“We Shall Overcome,” Director of Information and Publicity, Madhya Pradesh Chronicle.

Baxi, Upendra, “The Bhopal Award: Another Calamity for Gas Victims,” Times of India, Feb. 16, 1989.

“Bhopal: City Struggling for Normalcy a Year After Disaster,” Chemical and Engineering News, Dec. 2, 1985.

“Govt: Agitators Causing Trouble in Bhopal,” Indian Express (New Delhi), July 12, 1985.

“Relief Workers Victims of MP Government’s Ire,” Indian Express (New Delhi), July 9, 1985.

“Sabotaging Relief for Bhopal Victims,” Economic and Political Weekly, July 6, 1985. [Editorial: Condemning the MP govt. and its police force.]

“Bhopal Stir Leader [Dr. Anil Sadgopal] Interrogated,” Indian Express (New Delhi), July 5, 1985.


UCC vs. Union of India, Jana Swasthya Kendra, Bhopal MP, Zahreeli Gas Kand Sangharsh, Morcha, Bhopal. Feb. 14, 1989.

PETITION in request to file a brief amicus curiae of the National Council of Churches. June 30, 1987.

ORDER, Jan. 14, 1987. (Appeals Court affirms forum finding while amending discovery conditions.]

TRANSCRIPT, Nov. 24, 1986. [Arguments before Appeals Court on Judge Keenan’s decision to send case to Indian forum.]

BRIEF of amicus curiae by Rob Hager, Nov. 18, 1986.

NOTICE, June 12, 1986. [UCC accepts three conditions reserving the right to appeal.]

ORDER, May 28, 1986. [No stay of the OPINION and ORDER; no alterations or amendments on the three conditions. Sets June 12, 1986 date for Carbide to respond; denies fairness hearing motion.]

MOTION FOR A FAIRNESS HEARING, May 21, 1986, by F. Lee Bailey and Stanley M. Chesley. [Asks Keenan to hold hearing to determine the fairness of recent settlement orders.]

ORDER, May 13, 1986. (Dismissing each individual case which was part of the consolidated multidistrict litigation.]

OPINION AND ORDER, May 12, 1986. [Dismissing the case on the grounds of forum non conveniens with three conditions.]

Transcript in re: Union Carbide Corp. Securities And Derivative Litigation, No. 85 Civ. 0484(JFK) (Southern District Court of New York, Jan 27, 1986)

AFFIDAVIT of Marc S. Galanter, Dec. 6, 1985. [Re: forum.]

Plaintiff’s Memorandum in opposition to defendants’ motion to dismiss, No. 85 Civ. 0484(JFK) (Southern District Court of New York, Oct. 15, 1985)

Memorandum in Support of defendants’ motion to dismiss, No. 85 Civ. 0484(JFK) (Southern District Court of New York, Sept. 30, 1985)

Consolidated Complaint of NorthChester Corp. et. al. v. Warren Anderson et al . and Union Carbide Corp. , No. 85 Civ. 0484(JFK) (Southern District Court of New York, June 13, 1985)

AFFIDAVIT in support of Union Carbide’s Motion to Dismiss on Grounds of forum non conveniens, MDL #626, Misc. No. 21-38 (JFK).

AFFIDAVIT of Clarence J. Dias, President of International Center for Law in Development supporting the right to bring public interest cases before Keenan.

AFFIDAVIT of Edward Munoz, former Managing Director and Regional Director of Union Carbide India, Ltd.


BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE of Citizen’s commission on Bhopal.

MEMORANDUM OF LAW in opposition to Union Carbide Corporation’s Motion to dismiss these actions on the grounds of forum non conveniens.

SUMMARY of interim relief to date.



Blum, Andrew, “Bhopal: The Case That Just Won’t Go Away,” The National Law Journal, May 21, 1990.

Rheingold, Paul D., “Settlement Techniques Mass Tort Cases,” TRIAL, Sept. 1989.

Everest, Larry, “Bhopal’s Tragedy Is Union Carbide’s Disgrace,” New York Newsday, Dec. 9, 1988.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Bhopal Litigation Reaches Indian Supreme Court,” Chemical and Engineering News, Nov. 28, 1988.

“Indian Move On Carbide,” New York Times, Nov. 16, 1988.

“Bhopal Solution Is Urged by Court,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, Nov. 7, 1988.

“Judge Leaves Bhopal Case,” New York Times, Nov. 3, 1988.

“Judge Quits Bhopal Disaster Trial,” New York Times, Nov. 3, 1988.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “India’s Top Court Urges Settlement on Bhopal Gas Leak,” New York Times, Nov. 2, 1988.

“New Wrinkles in Bhopal Case,” Chemical Week, Oct. 26, 1988.

“India Shifted Carbide Judge,” New York Times, Oct. 18, 1988.

Weisman, Steven, “Years In Court: Bhopal Suit Marches On In Circle,” New York Times, August 7, 1988.

“Bhopal Victims May Settle In U.S. ” Chemical Marketing Reporter, August 1, 1988.

Koenig, Richard, “Connecticut Ruling in Bhopal Case May Help Carbide,” Wall Street Journal, August 1, 1988.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Bhopal Litigation: Two State Cases Sow More Confusion,” Chemical and Engineering News, August 1, 19.88.

“Connecticut Bhopal Ruling,” New York Times, July 29, 1988.

“Summons in Bhopal Case,” New York Times, July 18, 1988.

“Carbide Penalties,” New York Times, July 8, 1988.

“India opposes Carbide Move,” New York Times, June 25, 1988.

“UCC Appeals Payment Order to High Court,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, June 6, 1988.

Adler, Stephen, “Bhopal Ruling Tests Novel Legal Theory,” Wall Street Journal, May 18, 1988.

“Anderson ordered To India,” Gannett Westchester Newspapers, May 17, 1988.

“Carbide Plea To India Judge,” New York Times, May 9, 1988.

“Bhopal Hearing Delayed,” New York_Times, April 13, 1988.

Stille, Alexander, “A Sense of Dharma,” The National Law Journal, Feb. 29, 1988.

“Indian Government Starts Criminal Case Against UCC,” Chemical Marketing Reporters, Feb. 8, 1988.

“Former Carbide Chief Faces Bhopal Summons,” Chemical and Engineering News, Feb. 8, 1988.

“Carbide To Get Summons To Testify in Bhopal Trial,” Wall Street Journal, Feb. 5, 1988.

“Bhopal Victims Fight Union Carbide Stalling,” The Guardian, Feb. 3, 1988.

“Carbide’s Bhopal Appeal Is Accepted by High Court,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, Jan. 25, 1988.

“Carbide Files India Appeal,” New York Times, Jan. 19, 1988.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Carbide Faces Key Decisions in Bhopal Litigation,” Chemical_and Engineering News, Jan. 4, 1988.

“Multinationals To Submit Data on Hazardous Processes,” Manila Bulletin, Jan. 6, 1988.

“Carbide’s Bhopal Appeal Is Accepted By High Courts,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, Jan. 25, 1988.

Brown, Derek, “Union Carbide Ordered To Pay Out 150 Pounds,” Guardian, Dec. 18, 1987.

“U.S. Lawyer Hails Move Against Carbide,” Business Standard, Dec. 4, 1987.

“Bhopal Case Charges Filed,” New York Times, Dec. 2, 1987.

Amal Kumar Naj, “India Charges Carbide, Ex-Chairman With Homicide in Bhopal Gas Disaster.” Wall Street Journal, Dec. 2, 1987.

“Three Years’ Later Union Carbide Is Still Victimizing People of Bhopal,” Guardian, Nov. 25, 1987.

“Bhopal Disaster: Towards A Trial,” The Lawyers, Nov., 19,87.

Butler, Lisa, “Parens Pariae Representation in Transnational Crises: The Bhopal Tragedy,” California Western International Law Journal, Winter 1987.

Nanda, Ved P., “For Whom the Bell Tolls In the Aftermath of the Bhopal Tragedy: Reflections on Forum Non Conveniens and Alternative Methods of Resolving the Bhopal Dispute,” The Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, Vol. 15 Winter-Spring 1987.

“The Case Against Corporate Crime,” Multinational Monitor, May 4, 1987.

“Union Carbide Seeks Delay in Bhopal Case for Ruling,” Wall Street Journal, Jan. 13, 1987.

Galanter, Marc, When Legal Worlds Collide: Reflection on Bhopal, the Good Lawyer, and the American Law Schools”, Journal of Legal Education, 36:292, 1986.

Meier, Barry, “Carbide Asks Appeals Judge to Boost US Court Oversight in Bhopal Case,” Wall Street_Journal , Nov. 25, 1986.

Miller, Matt and Barry Meier, “India Files Suit Against Carbide in Bhopal Court,” Wall Street Journal, Sept. 8, 1986.

“New Legal Tactics Surface in Wake of Bhopal Ruling,” Chemical and Engineering News, June 30, 1986.

“Carbide Agrees to Send Bhopal Case to India But May Appeal One Ruling,” Wall Street Journal, June 13, 1986.

Riley, J., “Bhopal: The Legal Shadowboxing,” National Law Journal, May 26, 1986.

Anand, J., “The Seeds of the Bhopal Tragedy Lie in the U.S.,” Observer, May 18, 1986.

“Whose Justice for Bhopal,” New York Times, May 14, 1986.

“The Cracks in Carbide’s Defense,” Business India, March 10-23, 1986.

Speiser, Stuart, “A Solution to the Bhopal Dilemma,” National Law Review, Feb. 3, 1986.

Spivack, Miranda, “Bhopal Survivors are Caught in Legal Wrangle,” Hartford Courant, Dec. 4, 1985.

Subramaniam, Arun,, “Why the Guilty Must Be Punished,,” Business Indi a, Dec.­
2-15, 1985.

“The Legal Tangle,” and “Legislative Lacunae,” Business Standard, Dec. 1, 1985.

Gaya, Javed, “Carbide in the Dock,” Indian Express (New Delhi), Dec. 1, 1985.

“Carbide Plays Hardball,” American Lawyer, Nov., 1985.

Mokhiber, Russell, ”Paying for Bhopal: Union Carbide’s Campaign to Limit Its Liability,” Multinational Monitor, July 31, 1985.

Hager, Rob, “Taking Carbide to Court,” Business India, March 25-April 7, 1985.

Adler, S., “Headnotes: Bhopal Journal: The Voiceless Victims,” American Lawyer, April 1985.

Meier, Barry, “Union Carbide Hopes To Settle, Claims From Bhopal Accident Within 6 Months,” Wall Street Journal, Jan. 11, 1985.

Belli, Melvin, “Bhopal Tragedy and U.S. Lawyers,” San Francisco, Jan. 10, 1985.

Ramakrishna, Kilaparti, “The Emergence of Environmental Law in the Developing Countries: A Case Study of India,” Ecology Law Quarterly, Vol. 12, 1985.


Review petition No. 229/89 in Civil Appeal No. 3188/8-8 Union of India vs. Union Carbide Corp. Additional Submission in Support of Review Petition.

Review petition No. 229/89 in Civil. Appeal No. 3188/88 Union of India vs. Union Carbide Corp. Supplementary Affidavit on Behalf of the Review Petitioners, March 6, 1990.

SETTLEMENT ORDER, May 4, 1989 in C.A. Nos. 3187 and 3188 of 1988 with S.I.P. No. 31080 of 1982. UCC vs. Union of India.

ORDER, April 28, 1989. Modification of April 21, 1989 Order. Instead of
“Postal Savings Accounts” accounts will be opened in the branches of the
State Bank of India nearest to the residence of the victims or persons
entitled to the benefits.

ORDER, April 21, 1989. Indian Government ordered to begin payments of interim relief to victims.

ORDER, 1988, Revision of Interim Payment Decision Upholding Decision only Reducing Amount to Rs. 250 Crores.

ORDER, Dec. 17, 1987. Upholds the right of a civil court in tort action to grant interim compensation and jurisdiction over UCC.

JUDGEMENT, Dec. 20, 1986. In the Supreme Court of India, 1985; M.C. Metha v. Union of India and Others. [Shriram Judgement.]

PLAINTIFF’S REPLY, Dec. 16, 1986. (Reply to UCC filing of Nov. 17, 1986.)

ORDER, Nov. 30, 1986. (Dec. 16, 1986 fixed as date for reply to counter

ORDER, Nov. 30, 1986. [Mandating UCC retain unencumbered assets of $3

WRITTEN STATEMENT AND SET OFF AND COUNTER CLAIM, Nov. 17, 1986. [Long UCC document requesting dismissal because of nonsubstantiated claims; includes diagrams and details about sabotage claim.]

THE BHOPAL GAS LEAK DISASTER (PROCESSING OF CLAIMS) ACT, 1985, Journal of the Indian Law Institute, Vol. 27:1.

Union of India vs. Union Carbide, Brief in Support of Review Petition


“Carbide Case Judge Gets Extension,” Times of India, Jan 19, 1991.

“Carbide Settlement Premature, Meagre,” Times of India, July 26, 1990.

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Bhagwati, P.N., “Travesty of Justice,” India Today, March 1-5, 1989.

Singh, Raminder and Amrit Kakaria, “Unsettling Verdict,” India Today, March 15, 1989.

“Bhopal Case: All Claims Not Settled,” The Economic Times, March 5, 1989.

Bleiberg, Robert M. “Second Thoughts on Bhopal Carbide is Well Out of its Legal Tangle, but Multinationals Beware,” Barrons, Feb. 20, 1989.

Aiyar, Shahnaz Anklesaria, “Don’t Spare Carbide, Nadar Tells PM,” Indian Express, Nov. 28, 1988.

“Court Issues Warrants Against Union Carbide and Anderson,” News India, Nov. 25, 1988.

“Contempt of Court Notices Against UCC and MP Govt,” News India, Nov. 4, 1988.

“Constitution Bench Reconstituted,” The Statesman, Nov. 3, 1988.

“Kania Quits UCC Trial Bench,” Times of India, Nov. 3, 1988.

“SC Rears Appeals in Carbide Case.” Times of India, Nov. 2, 1988.

“Contempt Notice To Carbide Chief,” Times of India, Oct 30, 1988.

Hays, Laurie, “Judge Removed by Indian Panel In Carbide Case,” Wall Street Journal, Oct. 18, 1988.

“Court Spares Carbide Chief,” Times of India, Oct. 15, 1988.

“Judge Blocks Individual Settlements of Bhopal Suits,” Wall Street Journal, June 30, 1988.

“Carbide ‘Wooing’ Bhopal Victims,” Times of India, June 21, 1988.

“Plea To Restrain UCC Move: Claims,” Times of India, June 18, 1988.

“Dismiss Carbide Plea, Says Govt,” Times of India, June 17, 1988.

“Carbide Turns Down Court, Order,” News India, June 10, 1988.

“Court Allows Ex-Union Carbide Chief Kishore Kamdar to Go Abroad,” News India, June,3, 1988.

“Bill Empowering the Government to Issue Summons Outside India Is Okayed,” News India, May 20, 1988.

“India Acts On Carbide,” New York Times, May 17, 1988.

“Carbide Files Review Petition,” News India, May 13, 1988.

Majupuria, Sanjeev, “Carbide Rejects Court Right,” India Abroad, May 13, 1988.

“Union Carbide Hearing Postponed,” News India, April 29, 1988.

“Carbide Hearing Adjourned For April 23,” News India, April 22, 1988.

“Union Carbide Must Honor Verdict,” Times of India, April ?, 1988.

“Govt., UCC Asked to Appear Before Court,” Times of India, Feb. 7, 1988.

“Carbide Counsel Raises Procedural Wrangle,” Free Press Journal, Feb 5, 1988.

“Hearing on Carbide Plea,” News India, Feb. 2, 1988.

Arun, Ronald, “The Role of India’s Foreign Investment Laws In Controlling Activities in Multinational Corporations,” Syracuse Journal of International Law, Vol. 14, 1988.

Williams, Mark J., “Foreign Investment in India,” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 26, 1988.

“Union Carbide Blasts Indian Court Order,” Asian Wall Street Journal, Dec. 18-19, 1987.

Subramaniam, Arun, “Criminal Prosecutions,” Business India, Dec. 14-27, 1987.

“CBI Chargesheets Carbide officials,” Times of India, Dec. 1, 1987.

“Reply on Carbide Annoys MPs,” Times of India, Nov. 23, 1987.

“SC Panel Minority Indicts Carbide,” Times of India, Oct. 28, 1987.

“Carbide Offers Bhopal Funds,” New York Times, Sept. 18, 1987.

“Union Carbide Corp. Failed in Another Bid to Delay Legal Proceedings in India Related to the Bhopal Toxic Gas Leak,” Wall Street Journal, July 9, 1987.

“Carbide Plea for Stay Rejected,” Times of India, July 9, 1987.

“Caught In A Legal Bind,” July 8, 1987.

“Shriram Case: Fresh Manouvres,” Business India, June 29-July 12, 1987.

“Carbide Seeks Adjournment,” New York Times, June 16, 1987.

“Carbide Hails Judge’s Proposal,” Times of India, April 5, 1987.

“Judge Asks India, Carbide to Pay Bhopal Victims,” Wall Street Journal, April 3, 1987.

“Relief for Gas Victims,” Times of India, April 3, 1987.

Miller, Matthew, “Indian Court Ruling on Gas Leak Sets Crucial Precedent for the Bhopal Case,” March 16, 1987.

“Carbide’s Bhopal Case May Be Hurt By Ruling in India’s Supreme Court,” Wall Street Journal, March 11, 1987.

Weisman, S., “Bhopal Judge Taken Off Case,” New York Times, Feb. 26, 1987.

“Shriram Judgement Under Challenge,” Business India, Feb. 23-March 8, 1987.

“Bhopal Ruling Issued by Court; Stay is Sought,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, Jan. 19, 1987.

“Ruling on Appeal by Carbide,” New York Times, Jan. 15, 1987.

“India Files Response in Bhopal District Court,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, Jan. 12, 1987.

Upendra Baxi and Clarence Dias, “Shriram Judgement: Companies ‘Absolutely Liable’ for Industrial Hazards,” Business India, Jan. 2-15, 1987.

“India To Challenge, Union Carbide Assets As Inadequate to Cover Bhopal Damages,” Wall Street Journal, Jan. 2, 1987.

“Bhopal Court Lifts Injunction on Carbide Restructuring,” Chemical
Marketing Reporter, Dec. 8, 1986.

Subramaniam, “Bhopal Litigation: Carbide’s Defense,” Business India, Dec. 15-28, 1986.

Spivak, Miranda, “Legal Battles Over Leak Grow Increasingly Bitter,” Hartford Courant, Nov. 30, 19,86.

“Carbide Wants U.S. Court Supervision,” Times of India, Nov. 26, 1986.

“‘MP’ Govt. Liable for Tragedy: Carbide,” Times of India, Nov. 18, 1986.

“India Seeks Carbide Order [To Prevent Destruction of Evidence],” New York Times, Oct. 7, 1986.

“Bhopal Lawsuit Begins in India,” Chemical Week, Sept. 17, 1986.

“India Says Carbide Withheld Its Findings on Bhopal Case,” New York Times, August 12, 1986.

“Not a Paisa Paid to Bhopal Victims,” Times of India, July, 23, 1986.

­ “A Crucial Verdict,” Times of India, Feb. 19, 1986. [Editorial on Shriroa

“Carbide Charges Harrassment” Chemical Week, Feb. 11, 1986.

Abraham, C.M. and Armin Rosencranz, “An Evaluation of Pollution Control Legislation in India,” Columbia Journal of Environmental Law, Vol. 11, 1986.

Galanter, Marc, “Legal Torpor: Why So Little Has Happened in India After the Bhopal Tragedy,” Texas_International Law Journal, Vol. 20, No. 2, Spring 1985.

Mathur, Aniali, “Compensation Claims and the Law,” Indian Express (New Delhi), Jan. 6, 1985.

Symposium on the Bhopal Tragedy: Social and Legal Issues, Texas Interational Law Journal, Vol. 20, 1985.
Robertson, David W., “Introduction to the Bhopal Symposium,”
Dhavan, Rajeev, “For Whom? And for What? Reflections on the Legal
Aftermath of Bhopal,”
Calanter, Marc, “Legal Torpor: Why So Little Has Happened In India
After the Bhopal Tragedy,”
McGarity, Thomas 0. “Bhopal and the Export of Hazardous Technologies,”
Weinberg, Louise, “Insights and Ironies: The American Bhopal Cases,”
Westbrook, Jay Lawrence, “Theories of Parent Company Liability and the
Prospects for an International Settlement,”


Hays, Laurie, Richard Koenig, “Dissecting Disaster: How Union Carbide
Fleshed Out Its Theory of Sabotage at Bhopal,” Wall Street Journal, July 7,

Lepkowski, Wil, “Union Carbide Presses Bhopal Sabotage,” Chemical and Engineering News, July 4, 1988.

Kharbanda, O.P., “Union Carbide’s Cheap Trick,” Business India, June 13-26, 1988.

“Sabotage Ruled Out in Bhopal Tragedy,” News India, May 27, 1988.

“Another Vote for Sabotage at Bhopal,” Chemical Week, May 18, 1988.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Study Backs Carbide’s Bhopal Sabotage Theory,” Chemical and Engineering News, May 16, 1988.

“Bhopal Sabotage Claim Supported by A.D. Little,” Chemical Marketing Record, May 16, 1988.

“Bhopal Issue of Sabotage,” New York Times, May 11, 1988.

Koenig, R. and L. Hays, “Carbide’s Contention of Bhopal Sabotage is Supported by Arthur D. Little Engineer,” Wall Street Journal, May 11, 1988.

“Carbide Denies Control Over Plant,” News India, Feb. 5, 1988.

“Carbide Asserts Sabotage Theory,” Times of India, Jan. 20, 1988.

“Carbide On the Warpath,” Times of India, Jan. 20, 1988.

Lepkowski, Wil, “Two Views of India’s Chemical Disaster,” Chemical and Engineering News, Jan. 11, 1988.

“Better Living Through Public Relations,” Extra!, Aug./Sept., 1987.

Weisman., Steven, and Sanjay Hazarika, “Theory of Bhopal Sabotage Is Offered,” New York Times, June 23, 1987.

“Carbide Claims More Evidence of Sabotage in Bhopal Accident,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, April 27, 1987.

“Confidential Indian Report Blames Both U.S. Firm and Subsidiary for Bhopal Disaster,” Christian Science Monitor, Vol. 8, no. 6.

“The Union Carbide Version of Bhopal: ‘A Deliberate Act’,” Insight, Dec. 22, 1986.

“Why Carbide Says It Was a Deliberate Act at Bhopal,” Chemical Week, Nov. 26, 1986.

Diamond, Stuart, “Carbide Gives Details of Its Sabotage Claim,” New York Times, Nov. 18, 1986.

Union Carbide, Press Release Re: Filing of Defense and Countersuit in India, Nov. 17, 1986.

“Bergman Exposed State Apathy,” The Hindustan Times, Sept. 17, 1986.

Meier, Barry, “Carbide’s Bhopal Sabotage Claim Seen By Some as Effort to Shape Settlement,” Wall Street Journal, August 15, 1986.

“Union Carbide Says Upset Worker Set Off the Bhopal Plant Disaster,” New York Times, August 11, 1986.

“Union Carbide and Bhopal: Setting the Record Straight on Employee Sabotage and Efforts to Provide Relief,” Union Carbide Corporation.

Srinivasan, Kannan, “Carbide Suppresses the ‘True Story’,” Indian Express, April 4, 1985.

Ramaseshan, Rhadaika, “Bhopal Leak Caused By Major Defects,” Sunday Observer, March 31, 1985.

Srinivasan, Kannan, “Sabotage Report Contradicted,” India Express, March 24, 1985.

Srinivasan, Kannan, “Union Carbide Damned by Its Own Report,” Sunday Observer, March 24, 1985.


“Union Carbide, ARCO Fined,” New York Times, January 31, 1991.

Chakavarty, Subrata,”The Ghost Returns,” Forbes, December 10, 1990.

Lappen, Alyssa,”Breaking Up Is Hard To Do,” Forbes, December 10, 1990.

“Stock Repurchase at Union Carbide,” New York Times, October 31, 1990.

“Carbide Unit Buys Company,” Wall Street Journal, May 23, 1990.

Berton, Matthew, “Shareholders Back Battered Union Carbide,” The News-­Times, April 26, 1990.

“Hoechst to Buy A Carbide Business,” New York Times, March 16, 1990.

Final Version of Union Carbide Stockholder Proposal Regarding Bhopal, March 7, 1990.

True, Jean, “Community Should Beware of Gift from Union Carbide,” Gloriner, March 3, 1990.

“Carbide to Retain Core Businesses,” New York Times, March 1, 1990.

“Carbide Stock Up,” New York Times, Feb. 23, 1990.

Freeh, John, “Crisis Lingers at Union Carbide,” Plaindealer, Feb. 21, 1990.

“Carbide Shares Off After Indian Move,” New York Times, Jan. 23, 1990.

Deutsch, Claudia H., “Good Times Again for Carbide?,” New York Times, August 13, 1989.

“Greening of the Boardroom,” Los Angeles Times, July 11, 1989.

“Carbide in New PP Deals Reenters European Market,” European Chemical News, June 1, 1989.

“Carbide to Retain It’s Units in South Africa, Aid Blacks,” Wall Street Journal, April 17, 1989.

“UCC – Profit for 1988 is Restated Downward by $58 Million,” Wall Street Journal, April 17, 1989.

Kennedy, Robert, “Focus for the Future: Robert Kennedy Shares Union Carbide’s New Philosophy,” Business Today, Spring 1989.

“Union Carbide Back to the Future,” Corporate Dossier, March 4, 1989.

McLeod, Douglas “Insurers Awaiting Carbide’s Call for Indemnification,” Business Insurance, Feb. 20, 1989.

“Carbide At Risk After Bhopal Pact?,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, Feb. 20, 1989.

Paltrow, Scot J., “Judge Declares Mistrial in GAF Case but Orders New Trial for Thursday,” Los Angeles Times, Jan. 11, 1989.

Paltrow, Scot J., “Jefferies Implicates GAF Executive in Stock Case,” Los Angeles Times, Jan. 4, 1989.

Burgess, John, “FTC Moves to Halt Merger of GE, Carbide Silicone Divisions,” Washington Post, Nov. 3, 1988.

“FTC Moves to Block a Joint Venture on Silicones Proposed by GE, Carbide,” Wall Street Journal, Nov. 3, 1988.

Koenig, Richard, “Union Carbide, After Enraging Investors, Some Back on Basics but More as Takeover Play,” Wall Street Journal, Oct. 31, 1988.

Waltman, Peter, “Carbide Accuses Japan Firms of Seeking to Control Sales of Product Used in Chips,” Wall Street Journal, 1988.

Maitra, Dilip, “Selling a White Elephant,” Business India, Sept. 5-18, 1988.

“Carbide Assures Court of Assets To Cover Claim of $3 Billion,” Wall Street Journal, August 26, 1980.

“Union Carbide, Allied Signal Complete Formation of Joint Venture,” Wall
Street Journal, August 23, 1988.

“Carbide’s Trades Investigated,” New York Times, May 26, 1988.

“Carbide Plans Aggressive Investment Strategy,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, April 18, 1988.

“Carbide, Plans To Expand FCC In US and Overseas,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, March 7, 1988.

,Donahue, Jim and Joyeeta Gupta, “While Bhopal Waits, Union Carbide Cuts its Losses,” Multinational Monitor, March 1988.

“Addington Buys Carbide Land,” Wall Street Journal, Feb. 16, 1988.

“Carbide Officials Form New Firm,” News India, Dec. 25, 1987.

“Union Carbide Reports Gains,” New York Times, Oct. 23, 1987.

“UC Sells 50% of It’s 6,000 Employee Electronic Capacitor Business,” Wall Street Journal, April 28, 1987.

Gibson, David W. “Chemicals Are Back On Center Stage at Carbide,” Chemical Week, March 25, 1987.

Marcus, Alfred A., Philip Bromiley and Robert Goodman, “Preventing Corporate Crises: Stock Market Losses as a Deterrent to the Production of Hazardous Projects,” Columbia Journal of World Business, Spring 1987.

“Union Carbide Suffers a $495 Million Loss,” Wall Street Journal, Jan. 29, 1987,

“Union Carbide Closes Sale of Headquarters,” Wall Street Journal, Jan. 2, 1987.

“Carbide Told to Keep $3b. Assets,” Times of India, Dec. 1, 1986.

Lee, Elliot, “Carbide Profit Fell 74% in 3rd Period; Gain in 1986 Cited,” Wall Street Journal, Oct. 23, 1987.

“Union Carbide’s Chembur Unit May Be Taken Over,” Economic Times, Sept. 15, 1967.

Durie, John, “Union Carbide’s Cheap Shot,” Chanticleer, Feb. 27, 1987.

“FTC Charges Carbide with 36 Violations of 1977 Court Order,” Wall Street Journal, Feb. 8, 1987.

“Carbide To Buy Back Billions in Debt,” New York Times, Dec. 1, 1986.

King, Resa and J. Zukosky, “An Offer That Shareholders Can’t Refuse?,” Business Week, Nov. 17, 1986.

“Carbide Sells Agricultural Unit to Rhone-Poulenc for Cash,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, Nov. 17, 1986.

“Union Carbide Agrees to Sale of Its Assets in Carbon,” Wall Street Journal, Nov. 13, 1986,

“Union Carbide Plans Sale of Headquarters Site for $340 Million,” Wall Street Journal, Nov, 7, 1986.

Meier, Barry, “Carbide to Sell Pesticides Unit for $575 Million,” Wall Street Journal, Nov. 4, 1986.

Hazarika, Sanjoy, “India Fighting Sales of Union Carbide Assets,” New York Times, Nov. 2, 1986.

“Kennedy’s Plan is to ‘Simplify’ Carbide,” Chemical Week, Oct. 29, 1986.

King, Resa, “Robert Kennedy Hasn’t Finished Shrinking Union Carbide,” Business Week, June 2, 1986.

“Severance Plan at Union Carbide to Trim Assets and Shed Jobs,” Financial Times, April 8, 1986.

Johnson, I Robert, and Barry Meier, “Carbide to ‘Sell Battery Division for 1.42 Billion,” Wall Street Journal, April 8 1986.

Cuff, D., “$1 Billion Asset Sale by Carbide,” New York Times, April 8, 1986.

“Time to Take on Carbide,” Times of India, March 26, 1986.

Bidwai, Praful, “Carbide’s ‘Scorched-Earth’ Policy,” Times of India, March 26, 1986.

Deigh, R., “Battle is Won but Carbide Carries Many Financial. Scars,” Insight, Jan. 27, 1986.

“Carbide’s Assets Enough for Claims,” Times of India, Jan. 25, 1986.


“Blast Rocks Carbide Plant: Cause Unknown; 20 reported hurt,” Port Lavaca Wave, March 12, 1991.

“Union Carbide Still An Ogre,” Financial Express, December 5, 1990.

“West Virginia, Toxic Leak Keeps 15,000 Inside,” New York Times, Feb. 17,

Mokhiber, Russell, “Crime in the Suites,” Greenpeace, Sept./Oct. 1989.

Dembo, David and Lucinda Wykle, Letter to the Editor, New York Times, Sept. 10, 1989.

Shabecoff, Philip, “Bhopal Disaster Rivals 17 in U.S.,” New York Times, April 30, 1989.

“Leaks At Bhopal Reported,” New York Times, June 23, 1988.

“UCC’s Kennedy Calls for Plan to Win Public,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, April 25, 1988.

“Warrant Notice to Hong Kong Carbide,” Indian Express, Feb. 5, 1988.

Union Carbide Corporation 1988 Annual Environmental Report, – Not an official Union Carbide Publication.

“OSHA Flexes Its Muscle, Critics Doubt Power of Punch,” Insight, Oct. 5, 1987.

Saddler, Jean, “OSHA’s Crackdown on Records Draws Praise, but Some Question Focus on Data,” Wall Street Journal, July 27, 1987.

“Union Carbide Agrees to Pay $408,500 Fine for Safety Violations,” New York Times, July 25, 1987.

Cherniack, Martin, The Hawk’s Nest Incident: America’s Worst Industrial Disaster. New Haven: Yale, 1986. [Account of UCC worker deaths due to tunnel construction in West Virginia.]

“OSHA Cites Carbide on Safety Conditions,” Wall Street Journal, Sept. 17, 1986.

“Aldicarb Under Fire Again; Company [UCC] Defends Product,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, Sept.15, 1986.

Meier, Barry, “India Says a Union Carbide Engineer Was Responsible for Bhopal Site Design,” Wall Street Journal, May 13, 1986.

“OSHA Won’t Settle for Less in Carbide Case, Brock Says; Agency Widens Investigations,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, May 12, 1986.

“Union Carbide’s Institute Plant is Cited for Safety Violations; Record Fine Imposed by OSHA” Chemical Marketing Reporter, April 7, 1986.

Noble, Kevin, “Union Carbide Faces Fine of $1.4 Million on Safety Violations,” New York Times, April 2, 1986.

Susser, Ida, “Union Carbide and the Community Surrounding It: The Case of a Community in Puerto Rico,” International Journal of Health Services, Vol. 15, No. 4, 1985.

“Internal Auditors Feared Leak,” Indian Express, Nov. 7, 1985.

“Carbide Chose to Suppress Reports,” Indian Express, Nov. 6, 1985.

“When Carbide Officials Slept Over Hull Report,” Indian Express, Nov. 5, 1985.

McDonald, Craig, “Union Carbide Safety Report,” Public Citizen, Sept. 11, 1985.

Makler, Nancy, “Carbide’s Choice: Your Job or Your Health?,” The Guardian (NY), Sept. 11, 1985.

Diamond, Stuart, “Carbide Leak Highlights Defects in Systems Handling Toxic Matter,” New York Times, August 19, 1985.

“Carbide Ignored Warning,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, March 31, 1985.

Winslow, Ron, “Union Carbide. Confirms That Problems With Tanks in India Were Found in 1982,” Dec. 11, 1984.

Kail, L.A., J.M. Poulson, and C. S. Tyson, “Operational Safety Survey CO/MIC/Sevin Units, UCILJ. Bhopal Plant,” Union Carbide, May 1982.

Report of Blood Analysis of 31 Temik Workers, Nov. 30, 1981.

“Carbide Conducting Epidemiologic Studies,” Chemical and Engineering News, August 1979.

Bahl, V,K., C.R. Iyer, S.P. Choudgary and S. Khana, “Operating Manual: Methyl Isocyanate Unit,” Union Carbide India, Ltd., Oct., 1978.

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Elsia, Dave, “Retirees Who Won’t Quit,” Solidarity, Sept. 1990.

Schmidt, William E., “Company on trial For Injuries on Job, New York Times, August 20, 1990.

Harrah, Tony, “Feds Confess: Hanford as bad as Chernobyl,” Guardian, August 15, 1990.

Green, Arlee C. “Chemical Plant Rule ‘Too Little, Too Late’,” AFL-CIO News,
July 23, 1990.

“Explosion Kills One and Injures 63 in Ohio,” New York Times, July 19, 1990.

Brodeur, Paul, “Annals of Radiation,” The New Yorker, July 9, 1990.

“U.S. Sees Possible Cancer Tie To Electomagnetism,” New York Times, May 22, 1990.

Labaton, Stephen, “Trouble Persists in Asbestos Cases,” New York Times, March 5, 1990.

“Rhone-Poulenc Plant Leaks Chemical in West Virginia,” Wall Street Journal, Feb. 7, 1990.

Lubasch, Arnold H., “Damages Limited for Pan Am Suits,” New York Times, Jan. 4, 1990.

“Searchers Find More Bodies At Texas Plant Explosion Site,” New York Times, Oct. 26, 1989.

Labaton, Stephen, “Trust May Sell Manville Or Shift It to Private Control,” New York Times, October 25, 1989.

Suro, Roberto, “Plastic Plant Explodes; Many Missing,” New_York Times, Oct. 24, 1989.

“Entire Town in Ohio Is Evacuated in Gas Leak,” New York Times, Oct. 16, 1989.

“Love Canal Defense Setback,” New York Times, August 29, 1989.

Cushman, Jr., John H., “Chemicals On Rails A Growing Peril,” New York Times, August 2, 1989.

Hanley, Robert, “Why Two Sites in Jersey City Received Quick Cleanups of Chrome,” New York Times, July 18, 1989.

Schneider, Keith, “A Nuclear Cleanup’s Staggering Cost,” New York Times, June 19, 1989.

Shabecoff, Philip, “U.S. Says Toxic Chemicals Are Imperiling Aquatic Life,” New York Times, June 14, 1989.

“200 in Connecticut Flee a Chemical Lab Fire,” New York Times, June 20, 1989.

“Head of Panel Releases Data on Toxic Risks,” New York Times, June 9, 1989.

“3 Killed in Chemical Vat Blast,” New York Times, June 7, 1989.

No More Bhopals: Communities at Risk Special Report Information Pack: Hazardous Production, May-June 1989.

“1,700 Knocked Out By Gas Leak,” The Times (London), May 24, 1989.

Labaton, Stephen, “Five Years After Settlement, Agent Orange War Lives On,” New York Times, May 4, 1989.

Shea, Richard, “Richmond Officials Say City Must Have A Disaster Plan,” West County Times, May 2, 1989.

“TC Man Burned in Plant Mishap,” Texas City Sun, April 27, 1989.

Kolata, Gina, “The Medical Record on DES Emerges After Years of Research and Anxiety,” Now York Times, April 9, 1989.

Feder,Barnaby J., “Asbestos: The Saga Drags On,” New York Times, April 2, 1989.

Special Report to American Workers and Communities at Risk, BARC, April 1989.

Shabecoff, Philips, “U.S. Calls Poisoning of Air Far Worse Than Expected and Threat to Public,” New York Times, March 23, 1989.

“BASF Antwerp Unit is Hit by Explosion,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, March 13, 1989.

Foderaro, Lisa W., “Pollution by Kodak Brings Sense of Betrayal,” New York Times, March 3, 1989.

“Payments for Families of Defoliant Victims,” New York Times, March 3, 1989.

“West Virginia Toxic Leak Keeps 1,500 Inside,” New York Times, Feb. 17, 1989.

“Chemical Industry Risk Reduction: Right To Know Bears Fruit to Save Lives,” The Community Plume, Vol. 1, 1989.

“Hazard Analysis: The Heart of Emergency Planning,” The Community Plume, Vol. 1, 1989.

Frammolino, Ralph, “Maker of Toxic Gas to Move Plant From La Mesa to Arizona,” Los Angeles Times, Dec. 20, 1988.

Harasim, Paul and Katherine Kerr, “Hazardous Chemicals Put City At Risk, Report Finds,” The Houston Post, Dec. 2, 1988.

“New Trial ordered In Toxic Emissions Case,” Nov. 3, 1988.

Council On Scientific Affairs, “Cancer Risks of Pesticides in Agricultural Workers,” JAMA, August 19, 1988.

“Thousands Who Fled Toxic Cloud Return to Homes in Massachusetts,” New York Times, June 20, 1988.

“Baton Rouge Area Vulnerable,” Morning Advocate, June 16, 1988.

“BASF Antwerp EO Plant Destroyed By Explosion,” European Chemical News, March 13, 1988.

“E.P.A. Gets Reports of Illegal Dumping Into Ohio After Spill,” New York Times, Feb. 25, 1988.

“Now Gas Leak At Plant in Maine,” New York Times, Feb. 15, 1988.

“Out From Under a Cloud,” Fire Engineering, Feb. 1988.

Simi Valley Association Re: Chlorine Gas Accident, Jan. 26, 1988.

“Collapse of Diesel Tank Pollutes Drinking Water Near Pittsburgh,” New York Times, Jan. 4, 1988.

“Acid Leak in Texas Leaves a Residue of Questions,” New York Times, Dec. 20, 1987.

Ellman, Paul, “Thousands Flee Cloud of Poison Gas,” Guardian (UK). Dec. 12, 1987.

“66 Are Injured By Toxic Leak At Texas Plant,” New York Times, Nov. 1, 1987.

Ensign, Tom, “Government Continues Agent Orange Coverup,” Guardian, Sept. 23, 1987.

“Uncertainties of a Chemical-Filled World Come Home to a Denver Suburb,” New York Times, April 19, 1987.

“Tangled Rules on Toxic Hazards Hamper Efforts to Protect Public,” New York Times, April 1.9, 1987.

“Derailment Drama Ends in Pittsburgh, 16,000 Return Home as Toxic Chemical is Tucked Away,” New York Times, April 13, 1987.

Brodeur, Paul, “The Cancer-Makers Are Out to Get You,” New York Times, April 6, 1987.

“OSHA Policy Spawns Record Juggling on Injuries,” AFL-CIO News, March 28, 1987.

“China Says 15,400 Were Ill in Mishap,” International Herald Tribune, March 24, 1987.

Feron, James, “90 Evacuated on Border of Bronx as US Starts Chemical Cleanup,” New York Times, Jan. 13, 1987.

Tolba, Mostafa, “Handling Bhopals, Rhine Pollutions,” New York Times, Jan. 8, 1987.

Johnstone, Diana and Zack Naruth, “Who is Killing the Great Rivers of the World,” In These Times, Dec. 24, 1986-Jan. 14, 1987.

Wald, Matthew L., “Safety Lapses Paralyze Nuclear Bomb Complex,” New York Times, Oct.18, 1986.

Perrow, Charles, “Risky Systems: The Habit of Courting Disaster,” The Nation, Oct. 11, 1986.

“Plant Releases Toxic Fumes,” New York Times, Oct. 9, 1986.

Gwetzman, B., “Soviet Submarine Crippled by Fire, On Her way Home,” New York Times, Oct 6, 1986.

Report of Joint Public Hearings on Toxic Chemical Accidents in New York State, Prepared by office of Attorney General Robert Abrams, Environmental Protection Bureau, June 18, 1986.

Report on Toxic Chemical Accident at the FMC Corporation, Middleport, New York on November 15, 1984: A Case Study in Prevention, Emergency Response and Reform by Robert Abrams Attorney General of New York, July 16, 1986.

Wald, Matthew L. “Management Cited at 16 ‘Problem’ Nuclear Plants,” New York Times, July 16, 1986.

Fingleton, D. et al, “Development of a Model Emergency Response Plan for Catastrophic Releases of Toxic Gases,” The Air Pollution Control Association Annual Meeting, June 22, 1986.

Shabecoff, Phillip, “Pesticides Finally Top Problem List at EPA,” New York Times, March 6, 1986.

“Flaws in Toxic Leak Said to be Common,” New York Times, March 5, 1986.

“Hexaflouride Tank Was ‘Boiled’ Before Accident [at Nuclear Fuel Plant in Oklahoma],” New Scientist, Jan. 9, 1986.

“Toxic Accident Parallels,” New York Times, Jan. 7, 1986.

Lender, Jon, “Poll, Demonstrates Concern Over Chemical Plants,” Hartford
Courant, Dec. 5, 1985.

Glixon, Neil, “Un-collared Crime – The Riddle of Guiltlessness,” Comonweal, Nov. 29, 1985.

Diamond, Stuart, “Burning Questions of Safety at Chemical Plants,” New Straits Times, Nov. 27, 1985.

“Problems at Chemical Plants Raise Broad Safety Concerns,” New York Times, Nov. 25, 1985.

“U.S. Names 403 Toxic Chemicals that Pose Risk in Plant Accidents,” New York Times, Nov. 18, 1985.

Meier, Barry, “Under Public Pressure, Chemical Firms Push Plant Safety Programs,” Wall Street Journal, Nov. 11, 1985.

Sattur, Omar, “Forum: The Ethics of Chemical Hazard [Workplace Exposure],” New Scientist, Nov. 7, 1985.

Diamond, Stuart, “U.S. Toxic Mishaps in Chemicals Put at 6,928 in Five Years,” New York Times, Oct. 3. 1985.

Engler, Robert, “Many Bhopals: Technology Out of Control,” The Nation, April 27, 1995.

“It May Be Safe, But Suppose It Wasn’t: Problem of Toxic Waste At ReChem Plants,” The Economist, Feb. 23, 1985.

“Safety Last: The Dangers of the Indiscriminate Use of Pesticides,” The Economist, Feb. 16, 1985.

Bowander, B “The. Bhopal Incident: Implications for Developing Countries,” The Environmentalist, Vol. 5, 1985.

“India Tragedy Prompts Chemical Firms, Public Authorities To Review Safety Steps, Wall Street Journal, Dec. 7, 1984.

Trost, Cathy and Carol Hymowitz, “Congressmen, Environmentalists Fear That Laws in U.S. Wouldn’t Prevent A Poison Gas Disaster,” Wall Street Journal, Dec. 6, 1984.

Hymowitz, Carol and Terence Roth, “In West Virginia’s Chemical Valley: India’s Toxic Gas Disaster Stirs Fears,” Wall Street Journal, Dec. 5, 1984.

“Drum Rupture Forces Evacuation,” Morning Advocate, July 14, 1983.

“Storage Tank Examined for Cause of Explosion, Fire,” Morning Advocate, July 14, 1983.

“Overheated Chemical Causes Evacuations,” Morning Advocate, March 23, 1983.

Anderson, Bob, “Environment Charge Filed Against GHR,” Morning Advocate, Dec. 16, 1982.

“Residents File Damage Claims,” Morning Advocate, Dec. 16, 1982.

“Plant Official Says Management Knew of Tank Problem,” State Times, Dec. 15, 1982.

McConnaughey, Janet, “17,000 Flee Chemical Explosion,” Morning Advocate, Dec. 12, 1982.

“Toxic Spill Hurts 3, 100 Are Evacuated,” New York Times, Feb. 22, 1979.

“Dupont Cited by U.S. for Safety Violations After Blast at Plant,” Wall Street Journal, May 17, 1978.

“Dupont Will Abandon Blast-Damaged Facility,” Wall Street Journal, May 17, 1978.

“Dupont Blast Killed Three,” Wall Street Journal, April 19, 1978.

Gerrard, Michael, “The Politics of Air Pollution in the Kanawha Valley: A Study of Absentee Ownership,” 1971.


“The Lessons We Have Not Learnt,” Times of India, December 2, 1990.

Dias, Clarence J., Coping With Multijurisdictional Issues: Lessons From the Bhopal Litigation, May 1990.

Shabecoff, Philip, “9% Decline in Toxic Pollution Is Cited in Survey by E.P.A.,” New York Times, April 20, 1990.

Fowler, Elizabeth, “6 Environmental Issues in Exxon Proxy Report,” March 9,

“Toxic Futures,” Editorial, New Statesman and Society, Jan. 26, 1990.

Marcus, Francis Mark, “Labor Dispute in Louisiana Ends With Ecological Gain,” New York Times, Jan. 3, 1990.

Thurm, Scott, “Toxic Gas Law Adopted,” San Jose Mercury News, Jan. 31, 1990.

Workman, Bill, “Sunnyvale OKs Law Regulating Toxic Gases,” San Francisco Chronicle, Jan. 31, 1990.

Murti, Krishna, C.R., “Industrialization and Emerging Environmental Health Issues: Lessons from the Bhopal Disaster,” Madras Science Foundation, Oct. 2-6, 1989.

Feder, Barnaby J. “Who Will Subscribe to the Valdez Principles?,” New York Times, Sept. 10, 1989.

Feder, Barnaby J. “Group Sets Corporate Code on Environmental Conduct,” New York Times, Sept. 8, 1989.

“Bhopal and Corporate Responsibility,” New Consumer, Fall .1989.

“Gas Disaster a Lesson,” Madhya Pradesh Chronicle, July 20, 1989.

Ambrose, Robert, “Bhopal, MIC and Pesticide Reform,” Global Pesticide Monitor, Vol. 1, Summer 1989.

Marquardt, Sandra, “Hazardous Pesticide ‘Exports and the EPA,” Global Pesticide Monitor, Vol.I, Summer 1989.

Clymer, Adam, “Polls Show Contrasts in How Public and E.P.A. View Environment,” New York Times, June 22, 1989.

Passell, Peter, “Making a Risky Life Bearable: Better Data, Clearer Choices, New York Times, June 9, 1989.

Mokhiber, Russell, “Criminal Liability,” New York Times, June 24, 1989.

Mokhiber, Russell, “Bhopal,” Corporate Crime and Violence, San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1989.

Schroeder, Peter, “Environmental Risk management: The Experience of a European Insurer,” The Geneva Paper on Risk and Insurance, vol. 14, no.51, April 1989.

True, Jean,”Toxics Corner,” Balancing the Scales, Dec. 15, 1968.

Rich, Laurie A., “Emergency Response Report, A New Version of Cameo,” Hazmat World, Nov. 1, 1988.

Abraham, Martin, “The Role of Community Action Groups in Averting and Coping with industrial Accidents – Lessons and Strategies from the Bhopal Tragedy,” United Nations Environment Programme Industry and Environment, July/August/Sept. 1988.

Steyer, Robert, “Monsanto Volunteers To Cut Toxic Emissions at All Plants,” St. Louis Post Distpatch, July 1, 1988.

“Waste-Minimization Bill Stalls Momentarily,” Industrial Chemical, July 1988.

“Chemicals and the Public,” Chemical Marketing Reporter, May 30, 1988.

Dias, Clarence J. “‘International Cooperation for Survival: Lessons Prom Bhopal,” 1988.

Rosencranz, Armin, “Bhopal, Transnational Corporations, and Hazardous Technologies,” Ambio, Vol. 17, no. 5, 1988.

Shelton, Deborah, “Prom Tennessee to Bhopal, Lesotho and Beyond: Appalachian School Forges Global Links With Rural Poor,” UNICEF-Action for Children, Vol. 3, 1988.

Castleman, Barry I. and Grace E. Zieml “Corporate Influence on Threshold Limit Values,” Americgn Journal of Industrial Medicine, 1988.

“Lessons From Bhopal,” Business India, Nov. 30-Dec. 13, 1987.

“Coming To Terms on Bhopal,” Washington Post Weekly, Nov. 30, 1987.

Das, Rathin, “Scientists Pledge ‘No More Bhopals’,” The Hindustan Times, Nov. 8, 1967.

“International Liability Claims: The Long shadow of Bhopal, Risk Mangagment, Oct. 1987.

Aldred, Carolyn, “Bhopal Ruling, To Affect Multinationals,” Business Insurance, Oct. 5, 1987.

Sethi, S., “Inhuman Errors and Industrial Crises,” Columbia Journal of World Business, Spring 1987.

“‘No Job Is Worth Dying For’, Workplace Hazard: Needless Death,” The Guardian (NY), April 8, 1987.

Bordewich, Fergus, “Development – The Lessons of Bhopal: The Lure of Foreign Capital is Stronger Than Environmental Worries,” The Atlantic, March, 1987.

Hollihan, Thomas A. and Patricia Riley, “Argument and Corporate Advocacy, The Influences of Organizational Culture on Public Discourse,” Spheres of Argument: Proceedings of the Sixth SCA/APA Conference on Argumentation, ed. Bruce E. Grenbeck 1987.

Bidwai, Praful, “Bhopal Two Years On: Trap of Venality and Malign Neglect,” Times of India, Dec. 3, 1986.

“The Long Arm of the Law: The Bhopal Decision,” Risk Management, Nov. 1986.

“Lessons From Bhopal,” Chemical and Engineering News, Nov. 17, 1986. [Review of Bhopal Tragedy and Poison Cloud.]

Prabhu, M.A., “Prevention of Industrial Disasters Through Legal and Regulatory Systems,” paper presented at International Conference on Industrial Crisis Management, New York Univ., Sept. 5-6, 1986.

Bailey, William, “Far Reaching Effects, for American Insurers Seen As a Result of Bhopal Court Decision,” National Underwriter, Aug. 29, 1986.

Engel, Paul G., “Pinstripes to Prison Stripes: If Local Enforcers Have Their Way, OSHA Violations May Land Executives Behind Bars,” Industry Week, Aug. 4, 1986.

Hilder, David, “Tort Wars: Insurer’s Push to Limit Civil Damage Awards Begins to Slow Down,” Wall Street Journal, Aug. 1, 1986.

Greenly, Jr., G., “Risk Assessment Lesson of Bhopal,” Air Pollution Control Association Annual Meeting, May 1986.

Glaberson and Farrell, “The Explosion in Lawsuits is Nothing but a Myth,” Business Week, April 21, 1986.

Williams, Lena, “Race Bias round in Location of Toxic Dumps,” New York Times, April 16, 1987.

“Viewpoint: Why Not Use Human Canaries?,” Chemical Week, April 16, 1986. [Refers to OSHA’s action against UCC.]

Wermeil, Stephen, “Crisis in Liability Insurance is Creating Mounting Pressure for New Legislation,” Wall Street Journal, April 9, 1986.

Greenly, G.D., “Bhopal: Lessons Learned,” World Clean Air Congress, March 1986.

“Commission On Transnational Corporations: Transnational Corps and Issues Relating to the Environment,” Economic and Social Council, Jan. 17, 1986.

DAGA, Asia’s Strugle to Affirm Wholeness of Life. Report of a Consultation on TNC’s in Asia: The Aftermath of Bhopal. Hong Kong: C.C.A.U.R.M., 1985.

Cordil, Lesta, “They Hope to Head Off New Bhopals,” Gannett Westchester Newspapers, Dec. 4, 1985.

Dias, Clarence J., “That They Shall Not Have Died in Vain,” Law and Society Trust Workshop, Dec. 3, 1985.

Huber, Peter, “The Bhopalization of U.S. Tort Law,” Issues in Science and Technology, Fall 1985.

Sethi, S. Prakash, “The Inhuman Error: Lessons From Bhopal, New Management, Vol. 3, #1, Summer 1985.

“One Man’s Acceptable Risk Is Another Man’s Accident,” The Economist, Jan. 19, 1985.

Ghosh, Saflen, “The Neglected Issues,” The Hindustan Times, Jan. 18, 1985. [Are pesticides really necessary?].

Prakash Padma, “The Right to Know,” Indian Express (New-Delhi), Jan. 6, 1985.

“A Death at Work Can Put the Boss in Jail,” Business Week, March 2, 1987.
[Article on Texas Case in which executive is in jail for causing death of

“Documents Disclosed on Hazards at Work,” New York Times, May 14, 1987. [Government aware that ‘allowable exposure’ levels caused widespread injuries.]

Lepkowski, Wil, “The Disaster at Bhopal: Chemical Safety in the Third World,” Commentary.


The World Bank, “Manual of Industrial Hazard Assessment Techniques,” Office of Environmental and Scientific Affairs.

Wasserman, Robert and Richard Wiles, Field Duty: U.S.- Farmworkers and Pesticide Safety. Washington: World Resources Institute, Study 3, July 1985.

Pearson, Charles S., Down to Business: Multinational Corporations, the Environment and Development. Washington: World Resources Institute, Study 2, Jan. 1985.

Kletz, Trevor A., What Went Wrong? Case Histories of Process Plant Disasters. Houston: Gulf Publishing Co., 1985.

Ives, Jane, The Export of Hazard: Transnational Corporations and Environmental Control Issues. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985.

Trost, Cathy, Elements of Risk: The Chemical Industry and Its Threat to America, New York: New York Times Books, 1984.

Perrow, Charles, Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Multinational Monitor, Sept. 1984. [Issue Dealing with Bhopal and hazardous technologies.]

Norris, Ruth, Editor, Pills, Pesticides and Profits: The International Trade in Toxic Substances. Croton-on-Hudson, N.Y.: North River Press, 1982.

Bull, David, A Growing Problem: Pesticides and the Third World Poor. Oxford: Oxfam, 1982.


Baxi, Upendra and Amita Ditanda, Valiant Victims and Lethal Litigation: The Bhopgl Case, Delhi: Indian Law Institute, 1990. Available from BARC.

Dembo, David, Ward Morehouse and Lucinda Wykle, Abuse of Power: The Social Performance of Multinational Corporations The Case of Union Carbide, New York: New Horizons Press, 1990. Available from BARC for $13.50.

Vivek, P.S., The Struggle of Man Against Power: Revelation of 1984 Bhopal Tragedy, Himalaya Publishing House, 1990.

Bogard, William, The Bhopal Tragedy – Language, Logic, and Politics in the Production of a Hazard, Westview Press, 1989.

Dembo, D. et. al. (Ed.), Nothing To Lose But Our Lives: Empowerment to Oppose Industrial Hazards in a Transnational World, Hong Kong, New York: ARENA Press, and New Horizons Press, 1988. Available from BARC for $13.50.

Jones, Tara, Corporate Killing: Bhopals Will Happen, London: Free Association Books, 1988.

Wilkins, Lee, Shared Vulnerability: The Media and American Perceptions of the Bhopal Disaster, New York: Greenwood Press, Inc., 1987.

Kurzman, Dan, A Killing Wind: Inside Union Carbide and the Bhopal Catastrophe, New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1987.

Shrivastava, Paul, Bhopal: Anatomy of A Crisis, Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Co., 1987.

Banerjee, Brojendra, Bhopal Gas Tragedy – Accident or Experiment, New Delhi Seoul Printers, 1986.

Weir, David, The Bhopal Syndrome: Pesticide Manufacturing and the Third World, Penang: IOCU, 1986.

APPEN SAM, The Bhopal Tragedy – One Year After, Penang: SAM, (Sahabat Alam Malaysia) 1986. Available from BARC for $11.95.

Baxi, Upendra, Inconvenient Forum and Convenient Catastrophe: The Bhopal Case, Bombay: Indian Law Institute, 1986.

Baxi, Upendra and Thomas Paul, Mass Disasters and Multinational Liability: The Bhoval Case, Bombay: Indian Law Institute, 1986.

Chrishti, Anees, Dateline Bhopal, New.Delhi: Concept, 1986.

Everest, Larry, Behind the Poison Cloud: Union Carbide’s Bhopal Massacre, Chicago: Banner Press, 1986.

Morehouse, Ward and Arun Subramaniam, The Bhopal. Tragedy: What Really Happened and What It Means for American Workers and Communities at Risk, New York: Council on International and Public Affairs, 1986. Available from BARC for $13.50.

Abraham, Martin, The Lessons, of Bhopal. A Community Action Resource Manual on Hazardous Technologies, Penang: International Organization of Consumers’ Unions (IOCU), 1985. Available from BARC for $12.00.

Agarwal, Anil, No Plaice to Run: Local Realities and Global Issues of the
Bhopal Disaster, New Delhi and Tennessee: PRIA (Society for Participatory, Research in Asia) and Highlander, 1985. Available from BARC for $5.

ARENA, Bhopal: Industrial Genocide?, Hong Kong: ARENA, 1985. Available from BARC for $12.00.

do Grazia, Alfred, A Cloud Over Bhopal: Causes, Consequences, and Constructive Solutions, Bombay: Kalos Foundation, 1985.

Shastri, Lalit, Bhopal Disaster: An Eyewitness -Account, New Delhi: Criterion Publications, 1985.

Sufrin, Sydney, Bhopal, Its Setting, Responsibility and Challenge, Delhid: Ajanta Publications, 1985.


1. You Can’t Fool All of the People All of the Time, March 1989.

2. Survival and Devictimization in Bhopal: Union Carbide’s Continuing
Mockery of Justice, Sept. 1988.

3. Interim Relief for the Bhopal Victims: So Near and Yet So Far? March
10, 1988.

4. The Right To Live Again. Addressing the Health Needs of the Bhopal
Victims, Dec. 3, 1987.

5. Settlement or Sell Out? The Bhopal Victims Continuing Quest for.
Justice, Nov. 19, 1987.

6. The Deepening Crisis in Bhopal, Oct. 20, 1986.

7. Union Carbide: Financial Strategies and Their Implications for
Providing Justice to the Bhopal Victims, Sept. 15, 1986.

8. Bhopal’s Unmet Needs: The Continuing Challenge for Social Action
Groups, July 24, 1986.

9. Justice for the Bhopal Victims: What Next in the Litigation and What
Can Public Interest/Social Action Groups Do? July 15, 1986.

10. Judge Keenan’s Decision on Venue in the Bhopal Case, May 23, 1986.


Ginsburg, Robert, Present Dangers. Hidden Liabilities: A Profile of the Impact of the Union Carbide Corporation in the United States (1987-88). A report prepared for the National Toxic Campaign and the Council on international and Public Affairs, Nov. 1990. Available from BARC.

BARC update, Dec. 12, 1990.

Visvanthan, Shiv and Kothari, Rajni, Bhopal: The Imagination of Disaster, Working Paper I of the Committee for Cultural Choices and Global Futures Program on Bhopal.

“Special Report to American Workers and Communities at Risk,” April 1989.

Bhopal Four Years Later: A Time of Solidarity, Special Report to American Workers and Communities at Risk, Dec., 1988.

Dias, Clarence, “Multinational Accountability: From Impossible Dream to Non-Negotiable Demand!” published in ARENA’s Communique, June 1988.

The Bhopal Gas Leak: Corporate Negligence or Sabotage? March 10, 1988.

Maior Industrial Disasters of this Century, March 1988.

Union Carbide: Perfectionist in Prevarication and Merchants of Mendacity,
Special Report, March 1988.

Dias, Clarence, Accountability, Justice, and Prevention: The Bhopal Victims’ Encounter With Law, 1988.


The Ongoing Struggle for Justice in Bhopal: A Report On the International Victim Solidarity Tour, June 1989.

The Bhopal Settlement: A Miscarriage of Justice, Feb. 21, 1989.

Interim relief for the Bhopal Victims, Oct. 28, 1988.

Union Carbide’s Sabotage Story: An Expose of the Company’s Latest Testing to Deny Justice to the Bhopal Victims, Special report, July 12, 1988.

Relief for the Bhopal Victims: So Near and Yet So Far? Union Carbide’s Refusal to Abide by Law, Special Report, July 12, 1988.

ICJIB Statement for Concern, Oct. 30, 1987.

We Must Not Forget: A Plea for Justice for the Bhopal Victims, Special Report, July 1987.

A Statement on the ICJIB Campaign, June 1987.

All orders for books from BARC should include $2.50 for shipping and handling ($3.00 outside of the U.S.).


“What Does It Mean To Take ‘Moral Responsibility’ for a Disaster?” Village Voice. December 10,1996. By: Suketu Mehta

“Bhopal Lives” Village Voice. December 3, 1996. By: Suketu Mehta

“Bhopal: A dismal balance-sheet” Economic Times. November 29, 1993. By: Praful Bidwai

Survivors Quarterly: Publication of the Asian Victims for a Hazard Free Environment (AVHFE) Vol.1, No.1 December 1993. Col. 2, NO. 1 and 2. August 1995.

“Bhopal Revisited: A personal Reflection” Maine organic Farmer and Gardener. June-August 2000. By: Terry Allan.

“Victims the World Forgot” Night and Day. March 23, 1997. By: Russell Miller

“Out of Sight, out of mind” The Guardian. March 14, 1994. By: John Rettie

“Bhopal Gas Leak Victims Caught in Cycle of Dispair” Washington Post Foreign Service. September 13, 1993. By: Molly Moore.


“Bhopal: Legalizing Homicide” Covert Action Quarterly. Summer 1995. By: Rob Hager.

“Wanted: Warren Anderson” cartoon. Sierra Magazine. July/August 2000.

“From Bhopal to Toulouse” Frontline. December 21, 2001. By: Usha Ramanathan.

“Bhopal: ‘An atomic bomb about to explode'” By Claude Salhani. From the life and Mind Desk. June 12, 2002.

“The 5th Column. Bhopal: Eighteen Years On.” Far Eastern Econoimc Review. September 12, 2002. By: Arun Subramaniam.

“Fresh Evidence on Bhopal Disaster.” New Scientist. December 7, 2002. By: Debora Mackenzie.

“Order to attach UCC ex-chief’s property” Times of India. Feb. 2, 1992.

“Gas Tragedy: Guilty may never be punished.” Times of India. By: Sudhir K. Singh. June 14, 2000.

“A Key Figure Proves Elusive in a U.S. Suit over Bhopal” By: Chris Hedges. New York Times. March 5, 2000.

“Bhopal Tragedy: The unpaid human costs of globalization” Times of India. December 12, 1996, By: Ward Morehouse.

“Carbide Men knew of plant risks: CBI” Times of India. December 9, 1994.

“Bhoposhima: Crime without Punishment: Case for Crisis Management Jurisprudence” V.R. Krishna Iyer. Economic and Political Weekly. November, 23, 1991.

“The Bhopal Tragedy: Ten Years After” Global pesticide Campaign December, 1994. vol.4, no. 4. By: Joshua Karliner.

“Nightmares and Hope in Bhopal.” By: Gary Cohen. Everyone’s Backyard. Winter 1996.

“Bhopal Disaster: Judiciary’s failure.” By: Satinath Sarangi. Economic and Political Weekly November 18, 1995

“A call for justice” V. Venkatesan. Frontline. Dec. 22, 2001. (litigation)

“Bhopal seethes, pained and poor 18 years later” Amy Waldman New York Times. Sept. 21, 2002.

Environmental pollution

“An etiological investigation of micro- and macroergonomic factors in the Bhopal disaster: lessons for industries of both industrialized and developing countries.” By: Najmedin Meshkati. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 1989.

“Changing rules of International Corporate Behavior” S. Prakesh Sethi. Center for Management. Baruch College. Revised August 7, 1986.

“Corporate Environmental Strategy: The avalanche of change since Bhopal” Bruce W. Piasecki.

“Deaths at Work: Accidents or Corporate Crime The failure of Inquests and the Criminal Justice System.” David Bergman. 1991.

“Environmental protection act: An agenda for implementation. Indian Law Institute. Upendra Baxi. 1987.

“Bhopals legacies” Alternatives: Perspectives on society, technology and environment. Sehdev kumar. November 1986.

“Accidents do happen” Toxic chemical accident patterns in the United States. August 1994. Joel A. Tickner.

The Good Neighbor Project for sustainable industries. 1994 annual report.

“Working Notes on community right-to-know. Jan-Feb. 1995. A working paper on our right to know about toxic pollution. , Nov and Dec 1997,
March and April 1994, July and August 1996,


“Union carbide plans to reduce costs.” New York Times, 10/21/97

” One CEO’s nightmare: Bhopal ghosts (Still) haunt union carbide. ” Fortune April 3, 2000.

“Union Carbide: Perfectionists in Prevarication and Merchants of Mendacity. ” Special report the Bhopal action resource center.

“Union Carbide sells stake in bhopal plant.” New York Times. Sept. 10, 1994.

“Carbide to sell India assets to build hospital for Bhopal” New York Times, April 15, 1992.

“The Gulliver file: mines, people and land: a global battleground.” By Roger Moody. Minewatch 1992.

Union carbide corporation financial analysis. June 1990.

“Summary of findings, Union Carbide accident investigation. ” Jan 25, 1992.

“Union Carbide Corporation research compendium prepared for communities concerned about corporations.” Oct. 1, 1994.

Union carbide’s web site on Bhopal (4/98)

“Union carbide committed to environmental excellence” Coalition for a responsible carbide press and information kit April 25, 1990.

“Shared vulnerability : the media and American perceptions of the Bhopal disaster. ” Lee wilkins. Feb 25, 1991.

Research compendum on the union carbide corporation. Prepared for 10th anniversary commeration of bhopal disaster. Nov. 11-13 94 Charleston, West Virginia. Copyright 1995 by communities concerned about corporations.

Bhopal-An Interim appraisal. LOKAYAN bullentin. Jan-april 1988.

All Articles, Poems & Commentaries Copyright © 1971-2021 Alyssa A. Lappen
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Alyssa A. Lappen is a U.S.-based investigative journalist. She is the former Managing Editor at the Leeb Group (2012-2017); a former Senior Fellow of the American Center for Democracy (2005-2008); and a former Senior Editor of Institutional Investor (1993-1999), Working Woman (1991-1993) and Corporate Finance (1991). She served six of her 12 years at Forbes (1978-1990) as an Associate Editor. Ms. Lappen was also a staff reporter at The New Haven Register (1975-1977). During a decade as a freelance, her work appeared in Big Peace, Pajamas Media, Front Page Magazine, American Thinker, Right Side News, Family Security Matters, the Washington Times and many other Internet and print journals. Ms. Lappen also contributed to the Terror Finance Blog, among others. She supports the right of journalists worldwide to write without fear or restriction on politics, governments, international affairs, terrorism, terror financing and religious support for terrorism, among other subjects. Ms. Lappen is also an accomplished poet. Her first full-length collection, The Minstrel's Song, was published by Cross-Cultural Communications in April 2015. Her poems have been published in the 2nd 2007 edition of Blood to Remember: American Poets on the Holocaust and both 2007 issues of Wales' award-winning Seventh Quarry: Swansea Poetry Magazine. Dozens of her poems have appeared in print and online literary journals and books. She won the 2000 annual Ruah: A Journal of Spiritual Poetry chapbook award and has received a Harvard Summer Poetry Prize and several honorable mentions.

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